Emphysema Assessment and Diagnosis

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23 Questions

Which of the following is NOT considered a part of the medical history assessment for emphysema?

Frequent respiratory infections

What does the doctor listen for when performing a physical examination for emphysema?

Lung sounds

Which of the following is a sign of emphysema?

Chronic cough

What do Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs) measure in relation to emphysema?

Lung capacity and exhalation speed

Which imaging tests are used to diagnose emphysema?

CT scan and Chest X-ray

What does the Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) Test measure in relation to emphysema?

Oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in the blood

Which symptom is commonly associated with emphysema?

Wheezing

What is the main effect of emphysema on breathing?

Difficulty exhaling air

What is the role of exposure to air pollutants in the assessment of emphysema?

It may be a cause of emphysema

When assessing emphysema, what might a family history of lung diseases indicate?

Increased risk of developing emphysema

What is the significance of observing signs of cyanosis in a patient with suspected emphysema?

It indicates a lack of oxygen in the blood

Why is weight loss considered a sign of emphysema?

It may result from reduced appetite and energy levels due to breathing difficulties

What is the most common long-term control medication for mild persistent asthma?

Fluticasone (Flovent)

What is the main goal of the treatment of emphysema?

Relieve symptoms and improve patient's ability to stay active

What is the characteristic feature of asthma?

Inflammation and narrowing of the airways

What is the purpose of a bronchoprovocation test in diagnosing asthma?

To measure lung function after inhaling a substance

What is one of the key steps involved in assessing a patient suspected of having COPD by a Nurse Practitioner?

Assessing family history of respiratory diseases

Which test measures how much air a person can exhale and how quickly, and is commonly used for diagnosing COPD?

Spirometry

What is a characteristic sign of asthma?

Chronic coughing

What type of medications are used in bronchial thermoplasty for severe asthma?

Quick-relief medications

What can help manage emphysema apart from medications and pulmonary rehabilitation?

Regular exercise and a healthy diet

What is the main purpose of allergy testing in asthma diagnosis?

To identify allergens that may trigger asthma

What should be avoided to prevent further damage to the lungs in emphysema?

Smoking and exposure to lung irritants

Learn about the assessment process for emphysema, a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) that affects the air sacs in the lungs. This involves understanding the medical history and physical examination conducted by doctors to diagnose this condition.

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