Understanding Different Types of Neurotransmitter Receptors

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19 Questions

Which type of receptors in the membranes bind and respond to acetylcholine?

Muscarinic receptors

What is the main role of norepinephrine as a medication?

Increasing and maintaining blood pressure

Which receptor type controls vital functions of the heart and responds to epinephrine and norepinephrine?

Beta receptors

What is the main clinical use of epinephrine as a medication?

Emergency treatment of allergic reactions

Which type of receptors stimulate glucagon secretion in the pancreas?

Alpha receptors

Which receptor family transduces extracellular signals into intracellular responses?

Enzyme-linked receptors

What is the primary function of Beta-2 receptors in the body?

Relax bronchial smooth muscle

Where are Beta-3 receptors predominantly found?

Gallbladder, urinary bladder detrusor muscle, and adipose tissue

What effect does activation of Beta-1 receptors have on the kidneys?

Increased sodium and water reabsorption

Which is a direct effect of Beta-2 receptor activation?

Increased glucose metabolism

What is the primary function of Beta-3 receptors in the urinary bladder?

Causing bladder relaxation

Which direct acting adrenergic agonist acts as a natural catecholamine?

Epinephrine

Which type of receptors are activated by epinephrine and norepinephrine?

Adrenergic receptors

What is the primary use of muscarinic agonists?

Treatment of urinary retention

Which drug is an indirect-acting cholinergic agonist used to treat Alzheimer's disease?

Donepezil (Aricept)

Which drug is a competitive antimuscarinic agent used in the treatment of overactive bladder?

Oxybutynin (Ditropan)

What is the main function of ganglionic antagonists?

Prevent the effects of acetylcholine

Which drug is used to cause paralysis during anesthesia and is a skeletal muscle relaxant?

Rocuronium (Zemeron)

Which receptor type do cholinergic receptors mimic the action of?

Acetylcholine receptors

Learn about ACN and Norephinepherine Adrenergic Receptors, Alpha Beta Cholinergic Receptors, and Nicotinic Muscarinic Autonomic Receptors in the context of nerve cells and neurotransmitters. Explore how these receptors function with different substances like adrenaline, norepinephrine, and acetylcholine.

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