Mobility

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36 Questions

What is the most common risk factor for back problems?

Poor posture

What is the cause of multiple sclerosis?

Autoimmune disorder

What is a common risk factor for back problems?

Heavy lifting

What are some clinical manifestations of back problems?

Numbness or tingling and muscle weakness

What is a clinical manifestation of back problems?

Numbness or tingling

What are the risk factors for back problems?

All of the above

What is multiple sclerosis?

An autoimmune disorder that affects the central nervous system

What is a nursing intervention for back problems?

Administer pain medication

What is one of the clinical manifestations of back problems?

Numbness or tingling

What are some nursing interventions for multiple sclerosis?

Encourage fluid intake and monitor cognitive changes

What is one of the nursing interventions for back problems?

Administer pain medication

What is a medical management option for back problems?

Injections

What is one of the medical management options for multiple sclerosis?

Physical therapy

What is a prevention method for multiple sclerosis?

Early diagnosis and treatment

What are some medical management options for back problems?

All of the above

What are some complications of multiple sclerosis?

All of the above

What is one of the complications of multiple sclerosis?

Muscle weakness

What is a clinical manifestation of multiple sclerosis?

Vision problems

What is a nursing intervention for multiple sclerosis?

Administer medication

What is one of the prevention methods for back problems?

Regular exercise

What are some prevention methods for back problems?

All of the above

What is a medical management option for multiple sclerosis?

Immunosuppressive agents

What is the cause of multiple sclerosis?

Autoimmune disorder

What is one of the nursing interventions for multiple sclerosis?

Administer medication

What is a complication of multiple sclerosis?

Bladder and bowel dysfunction

What is one of the medical management options for back problems?

Surgery

What are some nursing interventions for back problems?

All of the above

What are some medical management options for multiple sclerosis?

Drug therapy and physical therapy

What is one of the risk factors for multiple sclerosis?

Genetics

What is a common diagnostic test for multiple sclerosis?

Lumbar puncture

What is one of the complications of back problems?

Bladder and bowel dysfunction

What are some risk factors for multiple sclerosis?

Genetics and autoimmune disorders

What is a nursing intervention for managing multiple sclerosis symptoms?

Monitor cognitive changes

What is the main nursing intervention for multiple sclerosis?

Assess neurological status

What is one of the prevention methods for multiple sclerosis?

Early diagnosis and treatment

What is a medical management option for managing multiple sclerosis symptoms?

Muscle relaxants

Study Notes

physical activity • Obesity • Poor posture • Smoking • Genetics • Occupational hazards • Stress

Clinical Manifestations of Back Problems • Back pain • Stiffness • Limited range of motion • Numbness or tingling • Muscle weakness • Sciatica

Nursing Interventions for Back Problems • Assess neurological status • Encourage physical activity • Use proper body mechanics • Teach relaxation techniques • Administer pain medication • Apply heat or cold therapy • Refer to physical therapy

Medical Management for Back Problems • Drug therapy • Physical therapy • Injections • Surgery

Prevention of Back Problems • Regular exercise • Proper posture • Limiting heavy lifting • Using proper body mechanics • Quit smoking • Weight management

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis • Autoimmune disorder that affects the central nervous system • Cause is unknown • Risk factors • Diagnosis

Clinical Manifestations of Multiple Sclerosis • Fatigue • Numbness or tingling • Muscle weakness • Poor coordination • Vision problems • Cognitive changes

Nursing Interventions for Multiple Sclerosis • Assess neurological status • Encourage physical activity • Administer medication • Teach relaxation techniques • Refer to physical therapy • Provide emotional support

Medical Management for Multiple Sclerosis • Drug therapy • Physical therapy • Injections • Surgery

Complications of Multiple Sclerosis • Muscle weakness • Bladder and bowel dysfunction • Vision loss • Cognitive changes • Depression

Prevention of Multiple Sclerosis • No known prevention methods • Manage risk factors • Early diagnosis and treatment

Overall, the module covers various mobility issues, including fractures, osteoarthritis, back problems, Parkinson’s Disease, and multiple sclerosis. The learning outcomes include collaborating with the interprofessional team, implementing nursing interventions, applying knowledge of anatomy and physiology, using clinical judgment, and teaching patients and caregivers about common drugs. The module also covers the functions of the skeletal system, age-related musculoskeletal changes, and various types of fractures. Additionally, it provides information on the nursing and medical management of various mobility issues, including prevention and complications.Exercise • Obesity • Diseases • Improper lifting • Psychological conditions • Smoking • Prolonged sitting

Back Problems Medical Management • Positioning • Nonsurgical Management • Surgical intervention (vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty)

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) • Loss of myelin • Autoimmune Disease • Symptoms vary

Common Diagnostic Tests • Lumbar puncture (LP) • Imaging procedures • MRI • Brain scan

Nursing Interventions - MS • Encourage fluid intake • Monitor cognitive changes • Communication techniques • Promote energy conservation

Medical Management MS Immunosuppressive Agents • Azathioprine (Imuran) • Cyclosporine (Sandimmune) Anti-inflammatory Agents • Steroids - Prednisone Muscle Relaxants • Dantrolene (Dantrium) • Tizanidine (Zanaflex) • Baclofen (Lioreseal) Antispasmodics • Benzodiazepines - Diazepam (Valium)

Test your knowledge on mobility issues and their management with this quiz! From physical activity and obesity to back problems and multiple sclerosis, this quiz covers a range of topics related to maintaining mobility and managing related conditions. Learn about clinical manifestations, nursing interventions, medical management, and prevention strategies for each issue. Additionally, this quiz covers common diagnostic tests and medication options for multiple sclerosis. Sharpen your knowledge and test your skills with this informative quiz!

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