Social Psychology Quiz

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41 Questions

What is the equation 'B = \delta(P * S)' used to represent in social psychology?

What is the main focus of social psychology?

What is the 'Chameleon Effect' in social psychology?

In the context of social influence, what does the 'enormous power of social influence' refer to?

According to the text, which route of persuasion involves influencing attitudes with evidence and rational arguments?

What effect explains that a difficult initiation into a group influences us to like the group more?

In the context of cognitive dissonance, what might happen if Fiona agrees to do some fundraising for her college?

What is the term used to describe the effect where doing a favor for someone you dislike will lead to greater liking of the previously disliked person to resolve cognitive dissonance?

What did Norman Triplett's experiment in 1898 demonstrate?

What is social facilitation?

What is social loafing?

What is group polarization?

What is groupthink?

What are norms in social psychology?

What did Zimbardo's Prison Study illustrate?

What is deindividuation?

What is conformity in social psychology?

What did Asch's research on group influence demonstrate?

What can lead individuals to follow social norms according to Asch's conformity studies?

In unambiguous situations, what can lead people to conform despite their own judgment?

What type of social influence is driven by the desire to be right?

In Milgram's obedience experiment, who supervised the deportation of 6,000,000 Jews to Nazi gas chambers?

What was the age range of the subjects in Stanley Milgram's obedience experiment?

What percentage of subjects in Milgram's experiment were fully obedient?

What does altruism refer to?

What does thin-slicing refer to?

What do bystander effect and diffusion of responsibility illustrate?

What is the primary driving force behind normative social influence?

What is the main factor influencing obedience according to Milgram's experiment?

What does social cognition involve?

What type of influence is driven by the desire to be right in novel or ambiguous situations?

What is the bystander effect influenced by?

What is the halo effect?

What did Asch's study demonstrate?

What are schemas in social cognition?

What does the just-world hypothesis and fallacy lead to?

What does the actor-observer effect suggest?

What is the fundamental attribution error?

What is automatic vigilance in social cognition?

What do schemas do in social cognition?

What are simplification strategies in social cognition used for?

Summary

Social Psychology and Human Behavior

  • Subjects in a dark room estimated the distance a light moved, and their estimates converged on a common value, establishing a group norm.
  • Informational Social Influence: People look to others for information on how to behave in novel or ambiguous situations, driven by the desire to be right.
  • Normative Social Influence: People conform to be liked and approved, driven by the desire to be accepted.
  • Milgram's obedience experiment involved delivering painful electric shocks to a fellow participant under the influence of an authority figure.
  • Adolf Eichmann supervised the deportation of 6,000,000 Jews to Nazi gas chambers, raising questions about the nature of evil and social obedience to authority.
  • Stanley Milgram's experiment involved males aged 20-50 as subjects, an authority figure as the experimenter, and a victim as the learner.
  • Obedience was highest in the presence of an authority figure and when the victim was depersonalized, with over 60% of subjects fully obedient.
  • Factors influencing obedience included the proximity of the person giving orders and the depersonalization of the victim.
  • Altruism refers to voluntary self-sacrificing behavior intended to benefit others without expectation of reward, influenced by situational power and the presence of others.
  • Social cognition involves forming impressions of others based on physical appearance and stereotypes, often leading to distorted impressions.
  • Thin-slicing refers to the unconscious ability to find patterns in behavior based on narrow slices of experience, showcasing the power of implicit processes.
  • Bystander effect and diffusion of responsibility illustrate how ethics can be a luxury in modern society, impacting social behavior.

Social Cognition: Understanding Human Behavior

  • The halo effect influences how individuals form impressions, where first impressions tend to be lasting.
  • Asch's study showed that the order of information presentation can significantly impact how a person is perceived.
  • Simplification strategies, such as expectations and dispositional inferences, are used to conserve mental effort in the information-rich social world.
  • Schemas are cognitive structures that organize our knowledge about the world and influence what we pay attention to.
  • The use of screens during auditions accounted for a significant increase in the number of female musicians in orchestras.
  • Automatic vigilance leads individuals to pay more attention to negative information about others, which is a consequence of human evolution.
  • Social perceptions and impressions are resistant to change, and attribution is the process by which people infer the causes of others' behavior.
  • The fundamental attribution error refers to the tendency to underestimate situational factors and overestimate dispositional factors in explaining others' behavior.
  • The just-world hypothesis and fallacy lead to blaming the victim and shield individuals from believing they will suffer similar misfortunes, fueling stereotypes and prejudice.
  • The actor-observer effect suggests that individuals tend to attribute others' behavior to dispositional factors but attribute their own behavior to situational factors.
  • Situational attributions require more effort and are often overlooked in favor of blaming the individual.
  • Individuals tend to make different attributions about others' behavior than they do about their own, highlighting the complexity of human behavior and perception.

Description

Test your knowledge of social psychology and human behavior with this quiz! Explore influential experiments such as Milgram's obedience study and Asch's conformity research, and delve into topics like social influence, altruism, social cognition, and attribution. Sharpen your understanding of the complexities of human behavior and perception in social settings.

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