Postmature Delivery and Low Lying Placenta

BenevolentDaffodil avatar

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

28 Questions

During the anabolic phase of pregnancy (week 0-20), there is a buildup of maternal capacity to deliver nutrients to the fetus, with increased levels of anabolic hormones and a decrease in exercise tolerance, leading to the buildup of fat, nutrient, and liver ______ stores.


In the catabolic phase of pregnancy (week 20+), there is an increased level of catabolic hormones to facilitate the nutrient transfer to the fetus, leading to larger production and blood levels of glucose, triglycerides, and fatty acids, and a decrease in liver ______ storages.


During the 1st trimester of pregnancy, there is a multiplication of embryo cells and cell differentiation, with main external features beginning to take form. This period is considered as a 'critical period' as major development defects can occur, especially within the first 100 days, due to the rapid and crucial ______ occurring.


Reduced absorption of niacin, riboflavin, and vB6 can occur during pregnancy, affecting maternal anabolic and catabolic phases. This reduction in absorption can impact the overall ______ of the mother and the fetus.


Low lying placenta is associated with increased risk of ______


Gestational age is measured from the first day of the last menstrual period to the delivery day in ______


Postmature delivery, also known as overdue labor, occurs after ______ gestational weeks


Placenta starts to deteriorate after ______ weeks


Induced delivery may be necessary when the pregnancy is ______ past its expected date

2 weeks

Physiological changes during late pregnancy lead to an increased oxidation and formation of free radicals, known as a pro-oxidative ______


Excess iron supplementation can lead to the formation of more free radicals through the ______ reaction


Higher levels of estrogen during pregnancy may cause a lower survival rate and birth rate due to ______


Higher levels of cortisol during pregnancy can cause insulin resistance in ______


HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) maintains early pregnancy and stimulates the production of ______ and progesterone


HCS (human chorionic somatotropin) increases maternal insulin resistance to maintain glucose availability for the ______


Progesterone-induced relaxation of smooth muscle can lead to a decrease in lower oesophagus ______ pressure


In female, insulin increases reducing sex hormone binding globin (SHGB) increasing level of ______ in ovary disrupted egg development


In male, fate cells convert testosterone into ______ increasing level of estrogen


Decreased sperm production oxidative stress elevates sperm and sperm DNA damage remarks changes of hormone availability interfere with reproductive processes irregular menstrual cycle anovulatory cycle ______


Reduced sperm production hormone availability changes with fat content more the amount of fat cell, higher the ______ level


Feedback loop to maintain constant fat micronutrients zinc (male) reduced oxidative stress promotes sperm maturation enhance ______ synthesis


High intake of soy protein may possibility lengthen menstrual cycle and decreased ______ level


Irrelevant to probability of conception, sperm motility and sperm morphology ______


No more than 2 drinks per day : lower sperm count and quality Female: no more than 1 drink per day : lower chance of ______


High exposure cause change in sperm morphology example: male in the high exposure of lead disrupts hormonal communication between pituitary gland and testes lower ______ level


Loss of menstrual cycle anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa possibly linked to hypothalamic ______


Chronic energy deficits and intense physical activity ______


Higher chance in miscarriage, preterm delivery, deliver low birth weight infants ovulation and menstruation resume normal with normal eating and weigth gain for female athlete triad ( low energy availability) chronic energy deficits and intense physical activity ______


This quiz covers topics related to postmature delivery, including the effects of a low-lying placenta and gestational age. It also addresses potential complications, such as decreased oxygen supply to the fetus and the need for induced delivery.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free
Use Quizgecko on...