Philippine Criminal Justice System Overview

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10 Questions

What are the five pillars of the Philippine Criminal Justice System?

Police, prosecution, courts, corrections, and community

Which attribute is not adhered to by the Philippine Criminal Justice System?

Inquisitorial nature of litigation

What is the primary goal of the Philippine Criminal Justice System?

To rehabilitate offenders and reintegrate them into society

What does the Philippine Criminal Justice System enforce to protect life and property?

Laws and regulations

What process does the Philippine Criminal Justice System sanction for people suspected of committing a crime?

Due process involving the five pillars

What is the primary function of the Philippine Criminal Justice System?

To maintain peace and order in the society

Which legal principles guide the Philippine Criminal Justice System?

Spanish and Anglo American Law

What is the nature of litigation in the Philippine Criminal Justice System?

Adversarial

What does the Philippine Criminal Justice System rely on to ensure due process?

Five Pillars: Police, prosecution, court, correction and community

How are criminal laws applied by the Philippine Criminal Justice System?

Prospectively

Study Notes

Overview of the Philippine Criminal Justice System

  • The system is built on five pillars.

Pillars of the Philippine Criminal Justice System

  • Prevention and control of crimes
  • Investigation and detection of crimes
  • Prosecution of crimes
  • Correction and rehabilitation of offenders
  • Restoration and reparation to victims

Limitations of the Philippine Criminal Justice System

  • The system does not adhere to the principle of restorative justice.

Goals of the Philippine Criminal Justice System

  • The primary goal is to enforce the law and maintain order in society.

Protection of Life and Property

  • The system enforces laws to protect life and property from harm.

Criminal Justice Process

  • The system sanctions the process of arrest, trial, and punishment for people suspected of committing a crime.

Primary Function

  • The primary function is to maintain social order and provide justice to victims of crimes.

Guiding Principles

  • The system is guided by the principles of proportionality, equality, and fairness.

Litigation in the Philippine Criminal Justice System

  • Litigation is adversarial in nature, involving prosecution and defense.

Ensuring Due Process

  • The system relies on the rule of law and the Bill of Rights to ensure due process.

Application of Criminal Laws

  • Criminal laws are applied in a fair, impartial, and non-discriminatory manner.

Test your knowledge of the Philippine Criminal Justice System with this quiz covering its definition as a social institution, a system, a process, and a machinery. Explore the components and functions of the justice system in the Philippines.

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