Indian History: CPWD, NCE, and CE Charter Act Quiz

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12 Questions

What type of education system existed in India before the British arrived?

Traditional education in pathshalas and madrasas

Which subjects were typically taught in the Indian education system before British influence?

Sanskrit, Persian, grammar, poetry

What became compulsory for government jobs as a result of British policies?

English language

What impact did the British policies have on the education system in India?

Made English mandatory for certain jobs

Why did the British introduce new policies on education administration, culture, society, and economy in India?

To maximize colonial interests

What was the mode of teaching in the traditional Indian education system?

Oral teaching without printed books

What led to the rise of the Orientalists-Anglicists dispute in education during the British rule in India?

The creation of an annual budget of 1 lakh rupees for education through the Charter Act of 1813.

Who were the scholars known as Orientalists during the Orientalists-Anglicists dispute in education in India?

European scholars who favored the study of law, philosophy, and literature of the East.

What was the primary focus of the British government regarding education in India before the introduction of an annual budget?

Trade and profit rather than educational development.

Who favored Western education and English as a medium of instruction during the Orientalists-Anglicists dispute?

Anglicists

Which act led to the allocation of a budget for education in India by the British government?

The Charter Act of 1813

What type of scholars were Europeans favoring the study of Eastern law, philosophy, and literature during the Orientalists-Anglicists dispute?

Orientalists

Study Notes

British Colonization and Education in India

  • The British brought most of India under their control between 1765 and 1857 and introduced new policies on education, administration, culture, society, and economy, claiming it was for the welfare of the people, but in reality, it was to maximize colonial interests.

Pre-British Education System

  • The traditional education system in India before the British consisted of pathshalas and madrasas, teaching subjects like Sanskrit, Persian, grammar, poetry, geometry, and astronomy, but not science and geography.
  • Students were not aware of new developments in various fields, and printed books were not available.
  • The mode of teaching was oral.

British Education Policies

  • The British didn't take interest in education for over half a century, focusing on trade and profit, but Christian missionaries persuaded them to allocate an annual budget of 1 lakh rupees for education through the Charter Act of 1813.
  • This led to the Orientalists-Anglicists dispute, where Orientalists favored studying eastern law, philosophy, and literature, while Anglicists favored western education through the medium of English.
  • Lord Thomas Macaulay's influence resulted in the Anglicists' approach being adopted.

Impact on Education

  • English became compulsory for government jobs in 1844.
  • The education system underwent a significant change, moving away from the traditional pathshala and madrasa system.

Key Figures

  • Lord Thomas Macaulay, a British historian and politician, played a crucial role in shaping British education policies in India.
  • Thomas Macaulay, a patriotic reformer and sculptor, also made significant contributions.

Test your knowledge of Indian history including the CPWD, NCE, CE Charter Act, and British administration in India from 1765 to 1857. Explore the practices and policies during this period.

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