Evolution of Indian Administration: British Administrative System

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10 Questions

What was the initial purpose of the British arrival in India?

To exploit natural resources

When did the British trading Company start gaining territorial grounds and powers to rule over India?

1765 AD

During which period did the Morley-Minto Reforms take place?

1909

What was the main aim of the Montague-Chelmsford Reforms in 1919?

To introduce a centralized administration

Which feature of British Administration influenced Indian Administration in terms of provincial government?

Elaborate Local Government Structure

What was the main objective of the East India Company when it first came to India?

To promote trade and commerce

Who was appointed as the Governor General of India under the Charter Act 1833?

Governor General of Bengal

What policy resulted in Company officials taking an active interest in the political and administrative affairs of local kingdoms?

Doctrine of Subsidiary Alliance

Who developed the civil services code during the rule of the East India Company?

Lord Cornwallis

What enabled the East India Company to have absolute power and control over policy matters of the Indian states?

Doctrine of Lapse

Study Notes

British Arrival in India

  • The initial purpose of the British arrival in India was for trade, with the East India Company aiming to establish a foothold in the Indian market.

Expansion of British Rule

  • The British East India Company started gaining territorial grounds and powers to rule over India after the Battle of Plassey in 1757.

Morley-Minto Reforms

  • The Morley-Minto Reforms took place in 1909, introducing separate electorates for Hindus and Muslims, effectively dividing the Indian electorate along religious lines.

Montague-Chelmsford Reforms

  • The main aim of the Montague-Chelmsford Reforms in 1919 was to increase Indian participation in the governance of the country, granting more autonomy to the provinces.

British Administration's Influence on Indian Administration

  • The feature of British Administration that influenced Indian Administration is the provincial government system, which was adopted from the British administrative structure.

East India Company's Primary Objective

  • The main objective of the East India Company when it first came to India was to establish a trading post to facilitate trade, particularly in spices and textiles.

Governor General of India

  • Lord William Bentinck was appointed as the Governor General of India under the Charter Act 1833.

Subsidiary Alliance

  • The policy that resulted in Company officials taking an active interest in the political and administrative affairs of local kingdoms was the Subsidiary Alliance, which involved the Company providing military protection to local rulers in exchange for control over their foreign affairs.

Civil Services Code

  • Lord Cornwallis developed the civil services code during the rule of the East India Company, which introduced a system of competitive examinations for recruitment to the Indian Civil Service.

East India Company's Absolute Power

  • The Diwani of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa granted to the East India Company in 1765 enabled the Company to have absolute power and control over policy matters of the Indian states.

Explore the evolution of the British administrative system in India, including the East India Company, the Morely-Minto Reforms, the Montague-Chelmsford Reforms, the Machinery of Dyarchy, and the Government of India Act. Understand the features of the British administration that influenced Indian administration.

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