Functions and Characteristics of Blood

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20 Questions

What is the main function of blood in the body?

Transport of gases, nutrients, and waste products

Which component makes up the majority of the total blood volume in the average adult male?

Plasma

What percentage of the total blood does formed elements (cells and cell fragments) make up?

45%

Which plasma protein helps maintain water balance in the body?

Albumin

What is the main difference between plasma and serum?

Serum is the liquid portion of unclotted blood and plasma is the liquid portion of clotted blood

Where does hematopoiesis, the process of blood cell production, occur in the fetus?

Red bone marrow

Which component is a clotting factor that aids in clot formation?

Fibrinogen

What makes up about 91% of the composition of blood plasma?

$H_2O$ (water)

Which component is involved in transporting processed molecules in the body?

Plasma

What is the primary function of thrombocytes?

Clot formation

Which organ is primarily responsible for the production of white blood cells after birth?

Red bone marrow

What is the function of erythrocytes?

Transporting oxygen from the lungs to the body's tissues

What is the main constituent responsible for the red color of red blood cells?

Hemoglobin

What causes the formation of carboxyhemoglobin in the blood?

Incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons

What is the consequence of prolonged exposure to carbon monoxide?

Nausea, headache, unconsciousness, and death

What causes kidneys to increase production of erythropoietin (EPO)?

Decreased blood O2 levels

Where are old, abnormal, or damaged RBCs removed from the blood?

Spleen and liver

What happens to globin during the breakdown of hemoglobin?

It is broken down into amino acids that are reused to produce other proteins.

What does carbon monoxide bind to in hemoglobin?

Iron

What is necessary for the normal function of hemoglobin?

Heme groups

Explore the functions and characteristics of blood, including its role in transporting gases, nutrients, waste products, and regulatory molecules, as well as its importance in regulating pH, osmosis, body temperature, and providing protection against foreign substances. Learn about its composition as a connective tissue with a liquid matrix (plasma) containing cells and cell fragments (formed elements).

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