Diabetes Mellitus Overview

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16 Questions

Which type of diabetes mellitus is associated with insulin exhaustion and increased glucagon?

Type 1 DM

Which of the following is a pancreatic cause of secondary diabetes mellitus?

Chronic pancreatitis

What percentage of pregnancies does gestational diabetes mellitus develop in?

3%

Which of the following is NOT a symptom of diabetes mellitus?

Hypotension

What is the age of onset for Type 1 DM?

40 years

Which drugs are associated with causing secondary diabetes mellitus?

Thiazides

Which test requires the patient to be fasting for at least 8 to 12 hours?

Fasting plasma glucose (FPG)

What is the diagnostic criterion for diabetes mellitus (DM) based on classical acute severe symptoms of hyperglycemia?

FPG ≥ 126 mg/dl

What are the diagnostic criteria for DM in asymptomatic patients?

Any test must be confirmed on the next day by the same or different test

Which test is used to assess impaired fasting glucose (prediabetes)?

Fasting plasma glucose (FPG)

Why is urine testing not used for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus?

It is non-specific for diabetes mellitus

What level of HbA1C indicates tight glycemic control to prevent microvascular complications?

< 7%

What is the recommended level for post-prandial blood glucose to achieve glycemic control?

< 180 mg/dl

Which complication is a triad of uncontrolled hyperglycemia, increased total body ketone concentration, and metabolic acidosis?

Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)

In diabetic patients, what is the recommended level for total cholesterol to optimize blood pressure control?

< 200 mg/dl

"Tight glycemic control would prevent the development and progression of diabetes-associated microvascular complications". What is the recommended level for FPG to achieve this tight glycemic control?

< 130 mg/dl

Test your knowledge on diabetes mellitus with this quiz covering the definition, etiology, primary diabetes mellitus, complications, and treatment. Explore key aspects such as age of onset, body weight, pathogenesis, insulin or C-peptide levels, family history, genetic association, and more.

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