Antidepressant Medications Side Effects and Interactions

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16 Questions

What side effect should be monitored in a patient taking bupropion (Wellbutrin)?

Nausea

Which antidepressant requires caution in patients with cardiac disorders?

Phenelzine (Nardil)

Why should patients avoid tyramine-rich foods while taking phenelzine (Nardil)?

To avoid hypertensive crisis

What is a notable risk factor in children and young adults taking bupropion?

Psychosis

Why is it important not to take MAOIs like phenelzine (Nardil) with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)?

To reduce the risk of hypertensive crisis

What is a potential side effect of lithium toxicity?

Decreased platelets

Which symptom should be monitored in a patient taking valproic acid (Depakote)?

Muscle weakness

Which class of medication includes sertraline (Zoloft) and duloxetine (Cymbalta)?

Antidepressant

What is a common side effect associated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)?

Insomnia

Which medication class is known for its anticholinergic side effects?

Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)

Why is it important not to stop venlafaxine (Effexor) abruptly?

To prevent withdrawal symptoms

Which nursing consideration is most important when administering methylphenidate for ADHD?

Tapering the dose when discontinuing the medication

What is a key difference in the mechanism of action between donepezil and memantine for Alzheimer's disease?

Memantine targets NMDA receptors to decrease glutamate activity

Which side effect is commonly associated with benzodiazepines like diazepam and lorazepam?

Respiratory depression

What is a unique nursing consideration for administering buspirone for anxiety?

Using buspirone for long-term treatment

Which sign indicates lithium toxicity in a patient with bipolar disorder?

Increased tremors

Learn about the side effects and interactions of various antidepressant medications such as phenelzine (Nardil) and buproprion. Discover important precautions like monitoring liver/kidney functions, watching for hypertensive crisis, and limiting tyramine-rich foods in the diet.

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