Common Medications and Side Effects Quiz

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10 Questions

What are some signs and symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)?

Difficulty with communication and social interaction. Repetitive behaviors, challenges in forming relationships, limited interests.

What types of difficulties are associated with Specific Learning Disorders (SLD)?

Struggles with reading, writing, or understanding numbers.

What are some signs and symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?

Inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity. Trouble focusing, restlessness, thinking.

What are some causes of Neurological Developmental Disorders according to the text?

Genetics, Brain chemistry, Environmental factors, Pregnancy complications.

What types of tests are used in the diagnosis of Neurological Developmental Disorders?

Developmental tests, Neurologic examination, Physical examination, Brain imaging, Laboratory tests.

Which of the following is NOT a sign or symptom associated with Specific Learning Disorders (SLD)?

Impaired motor skills

What type of disorder makes it tough for people to talk and make friends, and they might do the same things over and over?

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Which environmental factor is NOT listed as a cause of Neurological Developmental Disorders?

Brain chemistry

What is a common sign associated with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?

Inattention and hyperactivity

Which disorder makes it difficult to learn certain things in school, like reading or math?

Specific Learning Disorders (SLD)

Study Notes

Neurological Developmental Disorders

  • Disturb brain development, affecting language, emotions, behavior, self-control, learning, and memory
  • Impact daily functioning

Types of Neurological Developmental Disorders

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

  • Difficulty with communication and social interaction
  • Symptoms: Repetitive behaviors, challenges in forming relationships, limited interests

Specific Learning Disorders (SLD)

  • Difficulty learning certain academic skills, such as reading or math
  • Symptoms: Struggles with reading, writing, or understanding numbers

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

  • Difficulty paying attention, sitting still, or thinking before acting
  • Symptoms: Trouble focusing, restlessness, impulsive behavior

Medications for Neurological Developmental Disorders

Stimulants

  • Examples: Methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta, Metadate, Focalin), Amphetamines (Adderall, Dexedrine, Vyvanse)
  • Common side effects: Insomnia, decreased appetite, weight loss, increased heart rate, irritability, potential mood changes

Antidepressants

  • Examples: Fluoxetine (Prozac), Sertraline (Zoloft), Escitalopram (Lexapro)
  • Common side effects: Nausea, insomnia, sexual dysfunction, weight gain, potential mood changes

Anticonvulsants

  • Examples: Valproic Acid (Depakote), Lamotrigine (Lamictal)
  • Common side effects: Gastrointestinal issues, weight gain, drowsiness, dizziness, potential mood changes

Antipsychotics

  • Examples: Risperidone (Risperdal), Aripiprazole (Abilify), Olanzapine (Zyprexa)
  • Common side effects: Weight gain, sedation, increased risk of metabolic issues, potential for movement disorders

Adrenergic Agonists

  • Examples: Clonidine (Catapres), Guanfacine (Intuniv, Tenex)
  • Common side effects: Sedation, drowsiness, low blood pressure, dizziness, potential mood changes

Nursing Management

  • Conduct thorough assessments of physical health, mental health, and developmental status
  • Provide individualized care and support

Health Teaching

  • Provide clear and accessible information about the specific neurodevelopmental disorder
  • Explain the purpose, benefits, and potential side effects of medications
  • Teach and demonstrate behavioral strategies to manage challenging behaviors
  • Encourage participation in social activities to promote social engagement and inclusion

Test your knowledge on common stimulants and antidepressants along with their brand names, and the side effects associated with them. From Methylphenidate and SSRIs to Amphetamines and Escitalopram, this quiz covers a variety of medications and their effects.

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