WTO SPS and TBT Agreements Quiz

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14 Questions

What is the main purpose of the SPS Agreement?

To protect human, animal, or plant life and health

Which organization recognizes Codex standards as reference standards for international trade and trade dispute settlement?

World Trade Organization (WTO)

What is the significance of harmonization in the context of the SPS Agreement?

It ensures that national standards align with Codex standards

What does the SPS Agreement require regarding member countries and domestic/imported products?

Not to discriminate between domestic and imported products

Which international standards are mandatory for member countries in the framework of WTO?

Codex standards

What is the relationship between Codex standards and SPS Agreement?

Codex standards are voluntary, but they are the only international standards in the framework of WTO

Which organization is responsible for standards related to plant health?

International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC)

Where is the Office International des Epizooties (OIE) based?

Rome

Which organization ensures transparency in global animal diseases and consults with the director general of FAO and WHO?

World Organization for Animal Health (WOAH)

Where is the national codex contact point for India located?

FSSAI

Who founded the World Health Organization (WHO) on 7th April?

FAO

In which city did the inaugural meeting of CODEX take place?

Rome

What is the total number of standards developed by Codex?

362

Who was responsible for establishing Codex commission for Austria after the world war?

Dr. Hans Frenzel

Study Notes

SPS Agreement Purpose and Significance

  • The main purpose of the SPS Agreement is to ensure that measures to protect animal and plant life, as well as human health, are based on scientific principles and do not unfairly restrict international trade.

Harmonization and International Standards

  • Harmonization is significant in the context of the SPS Agreement as it allows member countries to align their national standards with international standards, reducing trade barriers and facilitating trade.
  • The WTO recognizes Codex standards as reference standards for international trade and trade dispute settlement.
  • International standards, such as those developed by Codex, OIE, and IPPC, are mandatory for member countries in the framework of WTO.

SPS Agreement Requirements

  • The SPS Agreement requires member countries to ensure that their domestic and imported products meet the same standards, thereby preventing unfair discrimination between domestic and imported products.

Codex Standards and Organizations

  • Codex standards are reference standards for international trade and trade dispute settlement, and are recognized by the WTO.
  • The relationship between Codex standards and the SPS Agreement is that Codex standards serve as the basis for national standards, ensuring harmonization and facilitating international trade.
  • The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) is responsible for standards related to plant health.
  • The Office International des Epizooties (OIE) is based in Paris and is responsible for standards related to animal health.

WHO and Codex History

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) was founded on 7th April by 61 countries.
  • The inaugural meeting of CODEX took place in Rome.
  • Codex has developed over 1,000 standards to date.
  • The Codex Commission was established for Austria after the World War by Dr. Fritz Bergischer.

National Codex Contact Point

  • The national codex contact point for India is located in New Delhi.

Test your knowledge about the Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS) and Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and their relationship with Codex standards.

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