Validity I Chapter 8: Content and Construct-oriented Validation Strategies Quiz

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28 Questions

What does validity refer to in the context of test scores?

The interpretation of test scores

Which statement best describes the traditional definition of validity?

The test measures what it is intended to measure

According to the current definition, what supports the interpretations of test scores?

Evidence and theory

In the context of validity, what is the goal in understanding the meaning and implications of test scores?

To interpret the test scores correctly

What type of validity refers to whether the test measures what it is supposed to measure and how well?

Validity of measurement

In the given example involving ALES scores, what conclusions can be drawn if students with lower scores do less well in grad school?

Higher ALES scores predict success in grad school

What type of validity is concerned with how well the test measures the theoretical construct or trait?

Construct validity

Which type of validity is established by examining the test itself to see if it is representative of the construct it measures?

Content validity

What is the process used to assess content validity?

Describing the content domain, determining the measured areas, and comparing the test structure with the domain structure

Which statistical technique is particularly useful for investigating construct validity?

Factor analysis

What does convergent validity establish?

The similarity of the test to another measure of the same construct

What does discriminant validity aim to demonstrate?

The uniqueness of the construct being measured

Which type of factor analysis aims to explore the possible underlying factor structure of observed variables?

Exploratory factor analysis

What does the MTMM (Multitrait-multimethod matrix) combine evidence of?

Reliability, convergent validity, and discriminant validity

What type of correlation does convergent validity demonstrate when comparing a new measure with an old established measure?

Strong positive correlation

What does construct explication involve in relation to translating abstract constructs into concrete terms?

Identifying behaviors related to the construct and other related constructs

What is the main goal of factor analysis?

To describe variability among observed variables in terms of a potentially lower number of unobserved variables called factors

What does reliability contribute to in gathering psychometric evidence for construct validity?

Assessing consistency and stability of test scores over time.

What is the purpose of correlating a construct with unrelated constructs?

To demonstrate discriminant validity

What is the primary characteristic of a good test related to the method of measurement used by the test?

Low or zero correlation with unrelated constructs

What does face validity refer to in the context of testing?

Perceived appropriateness of a test

How does content validity differ from construct validity?

Content validity is assessed by checking for representative sample of the content domain, while construct validity is about the pattern of correlations.

Which type of validity refers to whether the test measures what it is supposed to measure and how well?

Construct validity

What does convergent validity aim to demonstrate when comparing a new measure with an old established measure?

High correlation between the new and old measures of the same construct

What does reliability contribute to in gathering psychometric evidence for construct validity?

Ensuring consistent scores from different tests

What is the goal in understanding the meaning and implications of test scores in the context of validity?

To support interpretations of test scores

What does the MTMM (Multitrait-multimethod matrix) combine evidence of?

Different methods measuring multiple traits

What does construct explication involve in relation to translating abstract constructs into concrete terms?

Translating abstract constructs into concrete terms

Test your understanding of validity, including its definition as well as traditional and current perspectives. Explore the concept that it is the inferences and conclusions based on test scores that are validated, rather than the test itself.

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