Understanding Nutrients in Food

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30 Questions

What is the main function of the acini in the pancreas?

Produce pancreatic juices

Which component of pancreatic juice helps neutralize the acidic chyme?

HCO3−

What is the function of secretin in the regulation of bile and pancreatic secretions?

Neutralize acidic chyme

Which pancreatic function involves the secretion of insulin and glucagon?

Endocrine function

What stimulates the gallbladder to release bile?

Cholecystokinin (CCK)

Which component of pancreatic juice breaks down nucleic acids?

Nucleases

Which ligament separates the larger right lobe from the smaller left lobe of the liver?

Falciform ligament

What is the remnant of the fetal umbilical vein along the free edge of the falciform ligament called?

Round ligament

Which structure anchors the liver to the stomach?

Lesser omentum

What does the common bile duct carry?

Bile from the gallbladder

What are the structural and functional units of the liver that are composed of hepatocytes?

Liver lobules

What does each portal triad in a liver lobule contain?

Branch of hepatic artery, branch of hepatic portal vein, and bile duct

Which of the following is NOT considered a macronutrient?

Vitamins

What is the primary dietary source of carbohydrates?

Vegetables

What nutrient must be eaten because the body cannot synthesize it from other nutrients?

Carbohydrates

Which nutrient provides roughage and is found in cellulose in vegetables?

Carbohydrates

What is the energy value of foods typically measured in?

Calories

Where is pectin, a type of soluble fiber, commonly found?

Apples and citrus fruits

Which vitamins are known as antioxidants that neutralize free radicals?

Vitamins C, E, and A

What may happen if mega doses of vitamins are consumed?

Possible serious health problems

Which minerals are required in moderate amounts in the body?

Calcium, phosphorus, and potassium

What is the main function of anabolism in metabolism?

Synthesis of large molecules from small ones

Which mineral is essential for oxygen binding to hemoglobin?

Iron

What are broccoli, cauliflower, and brussel sprouts good sources of?

Vitamin C and E

What is the major hormone that controls Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)?

Thyroxine

How is Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) measured?

After a 12-hour fast, in a reclining position

How does age influence Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)?

Decreases with age

What effect does body temperature have on Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)?

Increases BMR with higher temperature

How does stress impact Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)?

Increases BMR

Which of the following factors disproportionately affects Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) between males and females?

Gender

Explore the different types of nutrients present in food and their functions in cellular activity, structures, and molecular synthesis. Learn about macronutrients like carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins, as well as micronutrients such as vitamins and minerals.

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