Understanding Equity, Equality, and Intersectionality

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What is the difference between equity and equality?

Equity is about fairness and making changes to address differences, while equality is about ensuring everyone has equal rights and opportunities

What does the concept of intersectionality examine?

How different identities like race and gender can intersect or overlap with each other

What is the definition of racial profiling?

Any action done to a person or a group because of stereotypes about their race

What does the term 'over policing' refer to?

Police watching some communities more critically and closely than others, such as black communities

What is the Idle No More movement in Canada known for?

Advocating for indigenous rights and environmental protection

What does intersectionality refer to?

How a person might face inequities related to their identities

During the October Crisis of 1970 in Quebec, why did the FLQ want to separate?

To achieve the goals of separatism due to power imbalances between French and English speakers

What is the focus of reconciliation in Canada?

Repairing the relationship between indigenous people and colonizers

What does racial profiling in the justice system refer to?

Negative treatment of a person by law enforcement based on their race

What was a major concern that led to the formation of the Idle No More movement?

Reduced opportunities for indigenous communities to participate in decisions related to their land and resources

Study Notes

Equality and Equity

  • Equity refers to the concept of fairness and justice, where everyone has equal access to resources and opportunities
  • Equality refers to treating everyone the same, without considering individual differences or needs


  • Intersectionality examines how different social categories (e.g. race, gender, class) intersect and interact to produce unique experiences of discrimination and oppression
  • It highlights the importance of considering multiple identities and their intersections in understanding social inequality

Racial Profiling and Overpolicing

  • Racial profiling refers to the practice of targeting individuals or groups based on their race or ethnicity, rather than evidence or suspicious behavior
  • Overpolicing refers to the excessive use of police resources and presence in marginalized communities, often leading to increased surveillance and harassment

Canadian History and Social Movements

  • The Idle No More movement in Canada is known for advocating for Indigenous rights, self-determination, and environmental protection
  • A major concern that led to the formation of the Idle No More movement was the erosion of Indigenous rights and the lack of consultation on Indigenous lands
  • During the October Crisis of 1970 in Quebec, the FLQ (Front de libération du Québec) wanted to separate from Canada to preserve Québécois culture and language
  • The focus of reconciliation in Canada is on repairing the relationship between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples, addressing the legacies of colonialism and residential schools

Test your knowledge of concepts such as equity, equality, inequity, inequality, and intersectionality. Explore how these terms relate to fairness, justice, and the distribution of resources and opportunities in society.

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