Theories of Personality Development Quiz

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60 Questions

According to Freud's psychosexual development theory, which stage occurs from birth to 18 months?

Oral Stage

Which behavior is associated with unresolved issues from the oral stage?

Nail biting

During which stage does toilet training occur according to Freud's psychosexual development theory?

Anal Stage

What can happen if a child experiences harsh expectations or punishment during the anal stage?

Increased anxiety

Which stage of Freud's psychosexual development theory occurs from ages 3 to 6?

Phallic Stage

What is the term for the attraction of boys to their mothers and imitation of their fathers during the phallic stage?

Oedipus Complex

What is a common behavior associated with unresolved issues from the phallic stage?

Masturbation

According to Freud's psychosexual development theory, which stage occurs after the phallic stage?

Latency Stage

What is the term for the attraction of girls to their fathers and imitation of their mothers during the phallic stage?

Electra Complex

What can happen if a child experiences parental disapproval of their preoccupation with the genitals during the phallic stage?

Confusion and shame

According to Piaget's Developmental Theory, at what age does a child enter the Formal Operations stage?

11 - adulthood

Which stage of Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Reasoning is characterized by seeking approval for doing good from society?

Good Boy/Nice Girl Orientation

What is the virtue associated with the stage of despair in Erikson's psychosocial development theory?

Integrity

Which stage of Piaget's Developmental Theory is characterized by egocentrism and concrete thought?

Preoperational

Which stage of Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Reasoning is characterized by obeying rules and laws to do what is right?

Law and Order Orientation

At what age does a child enter the Concrete Operations stage of Piaget's Developmental Theory?

7 - 11 years

Which stage of Piaget's Developmental Theory is characterized by learning through senses and cause & effect?

Sensorimotor

Which stage of Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Reasoning is characterized by individual rights determining behavior?

Social Contract Orientation

What is the virtue associated with the stage of wisdom in Erikson's psychosocial development theory?

Wisdom

Which stage of Piaget's Developmental Theory is characterized by looking at objects in terms of their use and not in general terms?

Preoperational

According to Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of Development, which stage occurs during early childhood?

Initiative vs. guilt

According to Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development, which stage occurs during ages 6 to about 12?

Latency stage

According to Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of Development, which stage occurs during adolescence?

Identity vs. role confusion

According to Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development, which stage begins with the onset of puberty?

Genital stage

According to Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of Development, which stage occurs during infancy to 18 months?

Trust vs. mistrust

According to Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of Development, which stage occurs during young adulthood?

Intimacy vs. isolation

According to Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development, which stage involves the child struggling for independence yet needing parental supervision?

Genital stage

According to Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of Development, which stage occurs during age 40 to mid 60's?

Generativity vs. stagnation

According to Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of Development, which stage occurs during 18 months to 3 years old?

Autonomy vs. shame and doubt

According to Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of Development, which stage occurs during school age (6-12)?

Industry vs. inferiority

Which theorist is associated with the Human Needs Theory?

Abraham Maslow

Which stage of Freud's psychosexual development theory occurs from birth to 18 months?

Oral Stage

What is a common behavior associated with unresolved issues from the anal stage?

Constipation

What is the term for the attraction of boys to their mothers and imitation of their fathers during the phallic stage?

Oedipus complex

According to Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of Development, which stage occurs during adolescence?

Identity vs. Role Confusion

Which stage of Piaget's Developmental Theory is characterized by egocentrism and concrete thought?

Concrete Operations Stage

During which stage does toilet training occur according to Freud's psychosexual development theory?

Anal Stage

What can happen if a child experiences parental disapproval of their preoccupation with the genitals during the phallic stage?

Feelings of confusion and shame

According to Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development, which stage occurs after the phallic stage?

Latency Stage

Which stage of Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Reasoning is characterized by obeying rules and laws to do what is right?

Conventional Morality

According to Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development, which stage is characterized by the child's sexual urges being dormant and their focus mainly on intellectual pursuits?

Latency

According to Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of Development, which stage occurs during adolescence?

Identity vs. role confusion

According to Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of Development, which stage occurs during early childhood (3-5 years old)?

Initiative vs. guilt

According to Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development, which stage begins with the onset of puberty?

Genital

According to Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of Development, which stage occurs during young adulthood (18-40 years old)?

Intimacy vs. isolation

According to Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development, which stage involves the child struggling for independence yet needing parental supervision?

Anal

According to Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of Development, which stage occurs during school age (6-12 years old)?

Industry vs. inferiority

According to Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development, which stage involves the child's attraction to their opposite-sex parent and identification with their same-sex parent?

Phallic

According to Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of Development, which stage occurs during infancy to 18 months?

Trust vs. mistrust

According to Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of Development, which stage occurs from age 40 to mid-60s?

Generativity vs. stagnation

According to Piaget's Developmental Theory, at what age does a child enter the Formal Operations stage?

11 to adulthood

According to Piaget's Developmental Theory, which stage is characterized by object permanence and learning through senses and cause & effect?

Birth to 2 years

According to Piaget's Developmental Theory, which stage is characterized by egocentrism and concrete thought?

2 to 7 years

According to Piaget's Developmental Theory, which stage is characterized by an increase in cognition, logical thought, and understanding of conservation?

7 to 11 years

According to Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Reasoning, which stage is characterized by morality being externally controlled and the child doing what is right to avoid punishment?

Preconventional (4-10 yrs)

According to Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Reasoning, which stage is characterized by obeying rules and laws to do what is right and living up to what is expected of us?

Conventional (10-13 yrs and into adulthood)

According to Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Reasoning, which stage is characterized by individual rights determining behavior and the recognition of flexible laws and rules with exceptions?

Postconventional (adolescence on)

According to Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Reasoning, which stage is characterized by the development of adult logic, reasoning things out, and forming conclusions?

Universal Ethical Principle Orientation

According to Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of Development, which stage occurs during early childhood?

Initiative vs. Guilt

According to Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of Development, which stage occurs during adolescence?

Identity vs. Role Confusion

Study Notes

Theories and Stages of Personality Development

  • Abraham Maslow developed the Human Needs Theory.
  • Sigmund Freud developed the Psychosexual/Psychoanalytical Theory.
  • Erik Erikson developed the Psychosocial Theory.
  • Jean Piaget developed the Cognitive Theory.
  • Lawrence Kohlberg developed the Moral Development Theory.
  • Freud's stages of psychosexual development include the oral stage (birth to 18 months), anal stage (18 months to third year), phallic stage (ages 3 to 6), latency stage (ages 6 to about 12), and genital stage (begins with puberty).
  • Each stage of Freud's psychosexual development is associated with specific behaviors and unresolved behaviors can lead to issues in adulthood.
  • Erikson's psychosocial stages of development include trust vs. mistrust (infant to 18 months), autonomy vs. shame and doubt (18 months to 3 years), initiative vs. guilt (early childhood), industry vs. inferiority (school age 6-12), identity vs. role confusion (adolescents 12-18), intimacy vs. isolation (young adult 18-40), generativity vs. stagnation (age 40 to mid 60's), and ego integrity vs. despair (mid 60's to death).
  • Each stage of Erikson's psychosocial development involves a developmental crisis and successful completion leads to the ability to move on to the next stage.
  • Piaget's developmental theory includes the sensorimotor stage (birth to 2 years), preoperational stage (2-7 years), concrete operations stage (7-11 years), and formal operations stage (11-adulthood).
  • Each stage of Piaget's developmental theory is associated with different cognitive abilities and developmental milestones.
  • Kohlberg's theory of moral reasoning includes the preconventional stage (4-10 years), conventional stage (10-13 years and into adulthood), and postconventional stage (adolescence on).
  • Each stage of Kohlberg's theory involves different levels of moral reasoning and understanding of societal rules and laws.

Test your knowledge on theories and stages of personality development, including Abraham Maslow's Human Needs Theory, Sigmund Freud's Psychosexual/Psychoanalytical Theory, Erik Erikson's Psychosocial Theory, Jean Piaget's Cognitive theory, and Lawrence Kohlberg's Moral Development Theory. This quiz also covers Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development, starting with the Oral Stage that occurs from birth to 18 months, where the mouth is the source of comfort and pleasure.

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