The Jamestown Colony

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Why did the Virginia Company of London receive a charter from King James I of England?

To find a passage through America to the Indies

What was the purpose of the charter of the Virginia Company?

To guarantee the same rights of Englishmen to overseas settlers

What did few of the investors of the Virginia Company think about?

Long-term colonization

Which crop played a vital role in Virginia's economic prosperity?

Tobacco

Which crop was ruinous to the soil when planted in successive years?

Tobacco

What percentage of Virginia's population was made up of enslaved blacks by the end of the 17th century?

14%

When was the House of Burgesses established in Virginia?

1619

Who exhorted his countrymen to undertake the colonization of the New World?

King James I

What was the name of the location chosen by the colonists on the banks of the James River?

Jamestown

Who was the intrepid young adventurer who became the leader of Jamestown?

Captain John Smith

What did the colonists resort to eating during the 'starving time' winter of 1609-1610?

Dogges, Catts, Ratts, and Myce

Which factor contributed to the disposability of Native Americans in the colonial economy?

Their lack of valuable commodities

What was the biggest disrupter for Native American populations during European colonization?

Disease

What impact did trade have on Native American life during European colonization?

It intensified competition among tribes and fueled violence

What role did John Rolfe play in the Virginia colony?

He introduced tobacco cultivation to Virginia

During the First Anglo-Powhatan War, Lord De La Warr introduced 'Irish tactics' against the Indians. What did this involve?

Raiding Indian villages and burning houses

What was the outcome of the Second Anglo-Powhatan War in 1644?

The Indians were banished from their ancestral lands

What contributed to the decline of the Powhatan peoples?

Unity and organization among the tribes

By 1685, what was the status of the Powhatan peoples?

They had been wiped out by European diseases

True or false: The Virginia Company of London received a charter from Queen Elizabeth I of England for a settlement in the New World.

False

True or false: The main attraction for the Virginia Company of London was the promise of gold.

True

True or false: The charter of the Virginia Company guaranteed the same rights to the overseas settlers as they would have enjoyed if they had stayed in England.

True

True or false: The Virginia Company's three ships landed near the mouth of Chesapeake Bay and were immediately attacked by Indians.

True

True or false: Captain John Smith was kidnapped by the Indian chieftain Powhatan, whose daughter Pocahontas saved him from execution.

True

True or false: During the 'starving time' winter of 1609-1610, only sixty out of the four hundred settlers who made it to Virginia survived.

True

True or false: King James I of England had a strong enthusiasm for the Virginia experiment and supported it fully.

False

True or false: The presence of Native Americans frustrated the colonists' desire for land in the New World.

True

True or false: Disease was the biggest disrupter for Native American populations during European colonization.

True

True or false: Trade with Europeans intensified competition among Native American tribes for access to prime hunting grounds.

True

True or false: Native Americans along the Atlantic seaboard felt the most ferocious effects of European contact.

True

True or false: The cultivation of tobacco in Virginia led to a surplus of food for the colonists.

False

True or false: The introduction of Africans as slaves in Virginia occurred in 1619.

True

True or false: The House of Burgesses in Virginia was established before the arrival of the Plymouth Pilgrims in New England.

True

True or false: King James I of England supported and encouraged the cultivation of tobacco in Virginia.

False

True or false: Lord De La Warr ordered the settlers back to Jamestown and imposed a harsh military regime on the colony.

True

True or false: The marriage of Pocahontas to John Rolfe marked the end of the First Anglo-Powhatan War in 1614.

True

True or false: The peace treaty of 1646 between the English and the Indians in Virginia called for assimilation of the native peoples into Virginian society.

False

True or false: The Powhatan peoples fell victim to disease, disorganization, and disposability.

True

Match the following entities with their corresponding roles in the Jamestown Settlement:

Virginia Company of London = Received a charter from King James I for a settlement in the New World King James I of England = Granted a charter to the Virginia Company of London The Charter of the Virginia Company = Guaranteed the same rights to the overseas settlers as they would have in England The Investors of the Virginia Company = Hoped to liquidate the company for a profit after a few years

Match the following key elements with their descriptions in the Jamestown Seedling history:

The main attraction for the Virginia Company = The promise of gold and a passage through America to the Indies The fate of the colonists if they did not strike it rich quickly = Threatened with abandonment in the wilderness The initial intention of the Virginia Company = To endure for only a few years The guarantee of the Charter of the Virginia Company = Same rights of Englishmen for the overseas settlers

Match the following significant events with their corresponding years related to the Jamestown Settlement:

1606 = The year the Virginia Company of London received a charter from King James I Two years after peace with Spain = When the hand of destiny beckoned toward Virginia A few years after the establishment of the company = When the stockholders hoped to liquidate the Virginia Company for a profit At the time of the Jamestown Settlement = No one suspected that the seeds of a mighty nation were being planted

Match the following individuals with their contributions to the Virginia colony:

John Rolfe = Father of the tobacco industry Pocahontas = Married John Rolfe Native Americans = Provided labor and commodities British and French traders = Conformed to Indian ways in the interior

Match the following effects of European colonization on Native Americans:

Disease = Biggest disrupter, causing loss of life and culture Trade with Europeans = Transformed Indian life and intensified competition Horses from Spanish invaders = Catalyzed Indian migration onto the Great Plains European arrival = Caused formation of new groups like the Catawba nation

Match the following groups with their experiences during European colonization:

Indians along the Atlantic seaboard = Felt the most ferocious effects of European contact Algonquians in the Great Lakes area = Became a substantial regional power Virginia Indians = Attempted to paddle to England to sell goods directly Lakotas (Sioux) = Moved onto the wide-open plains and became nomadic hunters

Match the following events with their impacts on the Virginia colony:

John Rolfe perfecting tobacco cultivation = Saved the Virginia colony economically European demand for tobacco = Made the crop nearly insatiable Presence of Native Americans = Frustrated the colonists' desire for land Loss of elders due to disease = Robbed native peoples of the oral traditions that held clans together

Match the following individuals with their roles in the early colonization of Virginia:

King James I = Expressed distaste for tobacco smoking Captain John Smith = Leader of Jamestown and instigator of the rule 'He who shall not work shall not eat' Pocahontas = Intermediary between the Indians and settlers John Rolfe = Husband of Pocahontas and pioneer of tobacco farming in Virginia

Match the following events with their corresponding years or periods:

'Starving time' winter = 1609-1610 Publication of A Counterblast to Tobacco by King James I = 1604 Settlers' arrival at Jamestown = May 24, 1607 Initial voyage of the Virginia Company’s three ships = Late 1606

Match the following facts to the correct aspect of early Virginia colonization:

'He who shall not work shall not eat' = Captain John Smith's rule Eating 'dogges, Catts, Ratts, and Myce' = Result of food scarcity during the 'starving time' winter 'Great and ample country of Virginia' = Description by a proponent of colonization Mock execution of a settler = Symbolic act by Indian chieftain Powhatan

Match the following Tudor rulers with their reign periods:

Henry VII = 1485–1509 Henry VIII = 1509–1547 Edward VI = 1547–1553 'Bloody' Mary = 1553–1558 Elizabeth I = 1558–1603

Match the following events with their years in Virginia's history:

The beginning of tobacco planting = 1610s The arrival of the first Africans = 1619 Establishment of the House of Burgesses = 1619 Revocation of the Virginia Company's charter = 1624

Match the following statements with their corresponding facts:

Tobacco's impact on Virginia = Promoted the plantation system and created demand for labor Virginia's population by the end of the 17th century = 14% were enslaved blacks The House of Burgesses = First of many miniature parliaments in America King James I's view on Virginia = Distrusted the House of Burgesses and detested tobacco

Match the following groups with their roles in Virginia's early history:

The London Company = Authorized the establishment of the House of Burgesses The House of Burgesses = Representative self-government in Virginia The Indians = Abruptly edged out by colonists' relentless expansion The Africans = Introduced as part of a commercial transaction that seeded the North American slave system

Match the following people with their views on Indian and European life:

Benjamin Franklin = Commented on the attractiveness of Indian life and the difficulty of Europeans to adapt to it King James I = Branded the House of Burgesses as a 'seminary of sedition' The colonists = Driven by the desire for land to plant more tobacco The Indians = Pressured by the colonists' expansion up the river valleys

Match the following individuals with their actions during the colonization of Virginia:

Lord De La Warr = Ordered settlers back to Jamestown and imposed a military regime John Rolfe = Married Pocahontas, marking the end of the First Anglo-Powhatan War Powhatan = Dominated the native peoples of the James River area Pocahontas = Married John Rolfe, marking the end of the First Anglo-Powhatan War

Match the following events with their outcomes in the Virginia colony:

First Anglo-Powhatan War = Ended with the marriage of Pocahontas and John Rolfe Second Anglo-Powhatan War = Resulted in a peace treaty that banished Chesapeake Indians from their ancestral lands Arrival of Lord De La Warr = Led to aggressive military action against the Indians and raiding of their villages Indian attacks in 1622 = Left 347 settlers dead and led to new orders for 'a perpetual war without peace or truce'

Match the following terms with their definitions:

Powhatan's Confederacy = A loose affiliation of small tribes dominated by chieftain Powhatan Irish tactics = Military strategy involving the raiding of villages, burning of houses, and confiscation of provisions Perpetual war without peace or truce = Orders issued by the Virginia Company in response to Indian attacks in 1622 Reservation system = The result of the peace treaty of 1646, which separated Indian and white areas of settlement

Match the following historical facts with their associated years:

1610 = Lord De La Warr arrives in Virginia and orders settlers back to Jamestown 1644 = Second Anglo-Powhatan War takes place 1614 = End of the First Anglo-Powhatan War marked by the marriage of Pocahontas and John Rolfe 1622 = Series of Indian attacks leave 347 settlers dead

The Jamestown Colony: A Quiz on Disease, Despair, and the Arrival of Lord De La Warr

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