Strategic vs. Structural Family Therapy

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Match the following techniques with their descriptions in Strategic Family Therapy:

ENACT = Encourage family members to enact problematic situations Manipulating Space = Pay attention to where family members sit, then move them to alter interactions and relationships Escalating Stress = Encourage the family to experience stress at an enhanced degree Blocking Transactional Patterns = Respectfully discourage or block usual family processes

Match the following stages with their descriptions in Strategic Family Therapy:

Social Stage = Establish a therapeutic alliance and rapport with the family Inquire and Solicit Information = Gather information about the problem and its contributing factors Set Goals and Clarify Changes = Set specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, and time-bound goals

Match the following techniques with their descriptions in Structural Family Therapy:

Subsystems = Identify smaller units within the family system Boundaries = Define the limits between subsystems within the family Family Sculpting = Physically arrange family members to represent relationships Reframing = Change the perspective on a particular behavior or issue

Match the following concepts with their association with either Strategic or Structural Family Therapy:

Redefining Roles = Structural Family Therapy Setting SMART Goals = Strategic Family Therapy Focusing on Interaction Patterns = Strategic Family Therapy Identifying Subsystems = Structural Family Therapy

Match the technique with its description in Structural Family Therapy:

Shifting Boundaries = Actively work to shift the boundaries between and within subsystems. Escalating Stress = At times, encourage the family to experience stress at an enhanced degree, both to experience how they manage stress and to encourage them to restructure that coping style. Blocking Transactional Patterns = Respectfully discourage or block the usual family processes. Joining with the family = Creating a safe space for members to practice new skills.

Match the technique with its effect in Structural Family Therapy:

Shifting Boundaries = Helps in redefining roles and relationships within the family system. Escalating Stress = Aims to understand how the family manages stress and encourages restructuring coping strategies. Blocking Transactional Patterns = Disrupts unhealthy communication or interaction patterns within the family. Creating a safe space for practice = Encourages members to try new skills under the therapist's guidance.

Match the approach with its developer:

Structural Family Therapy = Developed by Salvador Minuchin. Strategic Family Therapy = Developed by someone other than Salvador Minuchin. Salvador Minuchin's approach = Associated with Structural Family Therapy. Non-Salvador Minuchin approach = Associated with Strategic Family Therapy.

Match the focus with its description in Structural Family Therapy:

Examining family organization = Focuses on understanding how the family is structured and operates. Shifting interaction patterns = Aims to change dysfunctional ways family members interact. Improving communication = Enhances the way family members communicate with each other. Strengthening problem-solving behavior = Works on enhancing the family's ability to solve issues together.

Match the following terms with their definitions in General Systems Family Therapy:

Circular Causality = Rejects linear cause-and-effect relationship for a complex and interdependent model Genograms = Visual tools used to map out family relationships, history, and patterns Family Roles = The expected behaviors and responsibilities of family members within the system Family Rules = Implicit or explicit guidelines that dictate behavior and interactions within the family system

Match the following statements with the correct concept in General Systems Family Therapy:

Events, behaviors, and patterns within a family system influence each other in a cyclical manner. = Circular Causality Tools used to identify important relationships, generational patterns, and systemic influences. = Genograms Expected behaviors and responsibilities of individuals within the family system. = Family Roles Guidelines that dictate behavior and interactions within the family system. = Family Rules

Match the following descriptions with the correct concept in General Systems Family Therapy:

Rejects traditional linear cause-and-effect relationships. = Circular Causality Visual representation of family relationships and history. = Genograms Define how each family member is expected to behave. = Family Roles Establish boundaries for behavior and interaction within the family system. = Family Rules

Match the following characteristics with the corresponding concept in General Systems Family Therapy:

Interconnectedness of family members and their roles in maintaining equilibrium. = Circular Causality Map out family relationships, history, and patterns. = Genograms Behavioral expectations of individuals within the family. = Family Roles Guidelines dictating behavior and interaction within the family system. = Family Rules

Match the following features with their respective concept in General Systems Family Therapy:

Emphasizes complex and interdependent relationships within a family system. = Circular Causality Visualization tools for identifying important family dynamics. = Genograms Expected duties and responsibilities of family members. = Family Roles Established guidelines for behavior and interaction within the family unit. = Family Rules

Match the family role with its description:

Caretaker = Responsible for meeting the emotional and physical needs of other family members Scapegoat = Blamed for family issues and disruptions, often acting out to draw attention away from underlying problems Hero = Portrayed as the perfect and successful family member, often under pressure to maintain this image Villain = Seen as the troublemaker or disruptor in the family, often provoking conflict and tension

Match the family rule with its characteristic:

Loyalty to the family = Expectation to prioritize family needs and decisions over individual desires Keeping secrets = Agreement to hide certain information or behaviors to maintain family image or avoid conflict Avoiding conflict = Unwritten rule to prevent disagreements or arguments within the family Setting boundaries = Establishing limits on behavior and interactions to protect individual autonomy

Match the family boundary type with its definition:

Physical boundaries = Defining personal space and privacy within the family environment Emotional boundaries = Regulating emotional closeness and distance between family members Psychological boundaries = Maintaining individual thoughts, beliefs, and values separate from those of the family Healthy boundaries = Balancing autonomy and connection while respecting each member's individuality

Match the concept with its role in General Systems Family Therapy:

Circular causality = Understanding how family members influence each other's behaviors in a continuous loop Genograms = Visual representations of family history and relationships used to identify patterns across generations Family roles = Patterns of behavior adopted by family members that contribute to the system's equilibrium Family boundaries = Establishing limits for individuality and autonomy within the family system

Match the following statements with Circular Causality or Genograms:

Helps identify intergenerational patterns in family dynamics = Genograms Focuses on understanding reciprocal interactions among family members = Circular Causality Visual representation of family structure and relationships = Genograms Examines how behaviors of one family member affect others in a continuous loop = Circular Causality

Match the dysfunctional family role with its impact on the system:

Enmeshed boundary setting = Leads to blurred identities and lack of individual autonomy within the family Secret-keeping rule adherence = Creates an atmosphere of mistrust and prevents open communication Scapegoat role adoption = Shifts focus away from underlying issues, hindering resolution of core problems Codependent relationship formation = Results in unhealthy dependency dynamics and an inability to function independently

Match the following descriptions with Healthy or Unhealthy Family Boundaries:

Promote individual autonomy while fostering connection within the family = Healthy Family Boundaries Lead to emotional manipulation, intrusions, and over-dependence among members = Unhealthy Family Boundaries Establish clear limits on behavior and interactions to respect personal space and privacy = Healthy Family Boundaries Result in enmeshment, lack of differentiation, and dysfunctional relationships within the system = Unhealthy Family Boundaries

Match the type of rule with its potential impact on communication within the family:

Conflict-avoidance rule adherence = Suppresses open dialogue and prevents addressing underlying issues openly Loyalty mandate enforcement = Creates pressure to conform, leading to lack of honest expression or disagreement Secret-keeping agreement compliance = Undermines trust and transparency, hindering effective communication channels Boundary-setting practice implementation = Facilitates respectful interactions by defining personal limits and expectations

Match the term with its relevance in identifying underlying dynamics within a family system:

Genograms = Traces intergenerational patterns that impact current relationships and behaviors Family roles = Illustrate how specific behaviors contribute to maintaining or disrupting equilibrium in the system Family rules = Determine implicit agreements that shape interactions and communication patterns among members Family boundaries = Establish limits that safeguard individual autonomy while fostering healthy connections within the system

Match the following scenarios with either Positive or Negative impact on Family Dynamics

Clear communication channels established through healthy boundaries = Positive Repetitive conflict avoidance leading to unresolved issues = Negative Open discussion about sensitive topics without fear of judgment = Positive Constant reinforcement of loyalty at expense of individual needs = Negative

Study Notes

Strategic Family Therapy

Strategic Family Therapy, first developed by Jay Haley and Cloe Madanes in the 1960s, focuses on setting specific, measurable goals to improve family communication and functioning. This approach aims to shift rigid roles, coalitions, and interaction patterns within a family system.

Strategic Family Therapy follows a three-stage process:

  1. Social Stage: Establish a therapeutic alliance and rapport with the family, allowing them to express their concerns and difficulties.
  2. Inquire and Solicit Information: Gather information about the problem and its contributing factors, encouraging family members to talk to each other rather than to the therapist.
  3. Set Goals and Clarify Changes: Set specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) goals, and engage the family in restructuring maladaptive interactions.

Strategic Family Therapy techniques include:

  • ENACT: Encourage family members to enact problematic situations, allowing them to experience and discuss the interactions from different perspectives.
  • Manipulating Space: Pay attention to where family members sit, then move them to alter interactions and relationships.
  • Escalating Stress: Encourage the family to experience stress at an enhanced degree, helping them practice managing stress and adjusting their coping styles.
  • Blocking Transactional Patterns: Respectfully discourage or block usual family processes, redirecting the family towards healthier interactions.

Structural Family Therapy

Structural Family Therapy, developed by Salvador Minuchin, focuses on examining the family's organization, boundaries, and subsystems to identify and address underlying issues. This approach emphasizes the importance of the therapist joining with the family to create a safe space for members to practice new skills.

Techniques used in Structural Family Therapy include:

  • Shifting Boundaries: Actively work to shift the boundaries between and within subsystems.
  • Escalating Stress: At times, encourage the family to experience stress at an enhanced degree, both to experience how they manage stress and to encourage them to restructure that coping style.
  • Blocking Transactional Patterns: Respectfully discourage or block the usual family processes.

Structural Family Therapy is a long-established approach for treating families, focusing on shifting interaction patterns, strengthening the family's problem-solving behavior, and improving communication and functioning. Like other forms of family therapy, it emphasizes the importance of understanding and working with the family's unique dynamics, culture, and socioeconomic context.

Explore the differences between Strategic Family Therapy and Structural Family Therapy, two approaches designed to improve family functioning and communication. Learn about the key concepts, techniques, and stages involved in each method.

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