Family Therapy
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Family Therapy

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@BelovedAgate1777

Questions and Answers

What is family therapy focused on?

Nurturing change and development in families and couples

How do different schools of family therapy view change?

In terms of the systems of interaction between family members

What is a common belief among different schools of family therapy?

Involving families in solutions often benefits clients

How is the involvement of families commonly accomplished in family therapy?

<p>Through their direct participation in the therapy session</p> Signup and view all the answers

How has the concept of family evolved in family therapy?

<p>It is now defined in terms of strongly supportive, long-term roles and relationships</p> Signup and view all the answers

What skills does a family therapist need to have?

<p>The ability to influence conversations to catalyze strengths, wisdom, and support of the wider system</p> Signup and view all the answers

What have family systems theorists applied their conceptual frameworks to?

<p>A wide range of human behavior, including organizational dynamics and the study of greatness</p> Signup and view all the answers

In the field's early years, how was the family typically defined?

<p>In a narrow, traditional manner usually including parents and children</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary focus of family therapy?

<p>To nurture change and development in families and couples</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the overarching belief about involving families in solutions in family therapy?

<p>It often benefits clients</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which movement emphasized feedback and homeostatic mechanisms in interactions?

<p>The Bateson Project</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who were the early founders of family therapy influenced by?

<p>Psychoanalysis and social psychiatry</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which approach emphasized subjective experience, authentic communication, and total therapist engagement?

<p>Experiential approaches</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who introduced ideas from cybernetics and general systems theory into social psychology and psychotherapy?

<p>Gregory Bateson and colleagues</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which model dealt with the intergenerational transmission of health and dysfunction in families?

<p>Intergenerational therapies</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which professional association was founded in the 1940s and early 1950s?

<p>American Association of Marriage Counselors</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which movement had a particular interest in the possible psychosocial causes and treatment of schizophrenia within the family system?

<p>The Bateson Project</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which theoretical framework continued to develop through various groups that focused on individual psychology and the unconscious in the context of current relationships?

<p>Psychodynamic family therapy</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which approach emphasized formal procedures, rituals, and the extended family in many cultures?

<p>Family therapy</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which movement introduced ideas from cybernetics and general systems theory into social psychology and psychotherapy?

<p>The Bateson Project</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the precursor of psychoeducational family intervention?

<p>Multiple-family group therapy</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which therapeutic approach emerged in the late-1960s and early-1970s and bears some resemblance to traditional practices such as Ho'oponopono?

<p>Network therapy</p> Signup and view all the answers

What led to the revision of a number of original models and a moderation of some earlier stridency and theoretical purism?

<p>Clinical experience</p> Signup and view all the answers

What trend was reflected in and influenced by lively debates within the field and critiques from various sources, including feminism and post-modernism?

<p>Integration and eclecticism</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was a growing willingness and tendency on the part of family therapists from the late-1970s to work in multi-modal clinical partnerships with?

<p>Other members of the helping and medical professions</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which approach partly reflects the original schools and draws on other theories and methods from individual psychotherapy and elsewhere?

<p>Solution-focused therapy</p> Signup and view all the answers

What approach is associated with Dr. Karl Tomm's IPscope model and Interventive interviewing?

<p>Constructivist approaches</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which therapeutic approach is associated with the term 'post-Milan/collaborative/conversational, reflective'?

<p>Constructivist approaches</p> Signup and view all the answers

What approach draws on psychodynamic and object relations approaches, attachment and emotionally focused therapy, and intergenerational approaches?

<p>Narrative therapy</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which approach reflects a diversity of approaches that partly reflect the original schools and draw on other theories and methods from individual psychotherapy and elsewhere?

<p>Brief therapy</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

History and Theoretical Frameworks of Family Therapy

  • Family therapy has a long history in many cultures, often involving formal procedures, rituals, and the extended family.
  • The origins of professional family therapy in Western cultures can be traced back to the 19th century social work movements in the United Kingdom and the United States.
  • The formal development of family therapy dates back to the 1940s and early 1950s with the founding of the American Association of Marriage Counselors and the work of various independent clinicians and groups.
  • The early founders of family therapy had backgrounds in psychoanalysis and social psychiatry, and later incorporated learning theory and behavior therapy into their work.
  • The movement received a boost in the early 1950s through the work of anthropologist Gregory Bateson and colleagues, who introduced ideas from cybernetics and general systems theory into social psychology and psychotherapy.
  • The Bateson Project emphasized feedback and homeostatic mechanisms in interactions and eschewed the traditional focus on individual psychology and historical factors.
  • The members of the Bateson Project had a particular interest in the possible psychosocial causes and treatment of schizophrenia, especially in terms of the "meaning" and "function" of signs and symptoms within the family system.
  • By the mid-1960s, distinct schools of family therapy had emerged, including MRI Brief Therapy, strategic therapy, structural family therapy, and the Milan systems model, each with its own emphasis and approach.
  • Experiential approaches by Virginia Satir and Carl Whitaker emphasized subjective experience, authentic communication, spontaneity, and total therapist engagement.
  • Intergenerational therapies by Murray Bowen, Ivan Boszormenyi-Nagy, James Framo, and Norman Paul dealt with the intergenerational transmission of health and dysfunction in families.
  • Psychodynamic family therapy, influenced by Nathan Ackerman's ideas and the British School of Object Relations, continued to develop through various groups that focused on individual psychology and the unconscious in the context of current relationships.
  • Overall, the history and theoretical frameworks of family therapy have been shaped by a diverse range of influences, theories, and approaches.

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