Social Psychology and Cultural Differences Quiz

AffirmativeJasper2611 avatar
By AffirmativeJasper2611

Quiz

Flashcards

83 Questions

What is the goal of social psychology?

What does the correlational method in social psychology assess?

What is a key consideration when a correlation is found in research?

What is the primary goal of the experimental method in social psychology?

What do ethical issues in social psychology research include?

What does social cognition involve?

What role do accessibility and priming play in social cognition?

In Festinger and Carlsmith's (1958) experiment, what was the effect of paying students $20 for saying that the tasks had been enjoyable?

What was the outcome when students were paid only $1 for saying the boring task was fun in Festinger and Carlsmith's (1958) experiment?

What is the concept of Fixed Mindset?

What does the Social Comparison Theory propose?

What is Upward Social Comparison in the context of Social Comparison Theory?

What is Downward Social Comparison in the context of Social Comparison Theory?

What was the effect of paying students $20 for saying that the tasks had been enjoyable in Festinger and Carlsmith's (1958) experiment?

What was the outcome when students were paid only $1 for saying the boring task was fun in Festinger and Carlsmith's (1958) experiment?

What is the concept of Growth Mindset?

What is the concept of Fixed Mindset?

Which experiment highlighted cultural differences in schemas, with Western cultures associated with analytic thinking and Eastern cultures with holistic thinking?

What did the study conducted by Higgins, Rholes & Jones in 1977 involve?

Which experiment demonstrated the self-fulfilling prophecy, showing how people's expectations of others can influence their behavior?

What is the term for forming impressions and inferences about others, aiding in understanding and predicting the social world?

What are cues of nonverbal communication?

How many major emotional expressions are universally recognized?

What does attribution theory address?

What is the primary focus of social psychology?

Which method do social psychologists primarily use to develop explanations?

What did Dorothy Martin and her followers believe would happen on December 21, 1954?

What was the main warning given by Dorothy Martin, as mentioned in the text?

What distinguishes social psychology from other fields of psychology?

In social psychology, what is the primary method used to develop explanations?

What did Dorothy Martin claim to receive that led to her warning about the end of the Earth?

Which of the following best describes the goals of psychology?

What distinguishes social psychology from other branches of psychology?

What distinguishes social psychologists in terms of developing explanations?

What was the warning given by Dorothy Martin in the 'When Prophecy Fails' study?

What did Dorothy Martin claim to receive in the 'When Prophecy Fails' study?

What did Dorothy Martin promise to her followers in the 'When Prophecy Fails' study?

What did the followers of Dorothy Martin do in response to her warning in the 'When Prophecy Fails' study?

What distinguishes social psychology from other fields of psychology?

What was the main warning given by Dorothy Martin, as mentioned in the text?

What is the primary goal of the experimental method in social psychology?

What does the Social Comparison Theory propose?

What is the concept of Growth Mindset?

What is the role of accessibility and priming in social cognition?

What is the concept of Fixed Mindset?

In Festinger and Carlsmith's (1958) experiment, what was the effect of paying students $20 for saying that the tasks had been enjoyable?

What is the concept of Fixed Mindset?

What does the Social Comparison Theory propose?

What was the outcome when students were paid only $1 for saying the boring task was fun in Festinger and Carlsmith's (1958) experiment?

What is Upward Social Comparison in the context of Social Comparison Theory?

What is Downward Social Comparison in the context of Social Comparison Theory?

What is the primary focus of social psychology?

What does the correlational method in social psychology assess?

What role do accessibility and priming play in social cognition?

What distinguishes Upward Social Comparison from Downward Social Comparison in the context of Social Comparison Theory?

What is the primary goal of social psychology?

What is the role of accessibility and priming in social cognition?

What does the correlational method in social psychology assess?

What are the ethical issues in social psychology research?

What is the primary focus of social psychology?

What is the scientific method in social psychology?

What distinguishes social psychology from other fields of psychology?

What is the primary focus of social psychology?

What is the primary goal of the experimental method in social psychology?

What are the key ethical issues in social psychology research?

What is the scientific method in social psychology?

What is the role of accessibility and priming in social cognition?

What distinguishes social psychology from other branches of psychology?

What does the correlational method in social psychology primarily assess?

In Rosenthal & Jacobson's 1968 study, the self-fulfilling prophecy demonstrated that people's expectations of others can influence their behavior and cause them to act consistently with those expectations. This phenomenon is also known as:

Which of the following is not one of the cues included in nonverbal communication?

Attribution theory addresses how people infer the causes of others' behavior, distinguishing between:

Cultural differences in nonverbal communication are evident in display rules, negative facial expressions, gaze, and:

Masuda & Nisbett's 2006 experiment highlighted cultural differences in schemas, with Western cultures associated with analytic thinking and Eastern cultures with:

Decoding facial expressions can be complicated due to affect blends, masking of emotions, and:

The six major emotional expressions that are universally recognized include happiness, sadness, anger, fear, surprise, and:

Which experiment demonstrated the self-fulfilling prophecy, showing how people's expectations of others can influence their behavior?

What did Masuda & Nisbett's 2006 experiment highlight?

What is the term for forming impressions and inferences about others, aiding in understanding and predicting the social world?

What does attribution theory address?

In which experiment were students paid only $1 for saying the boring task was fun?

What are cues of nonverbal communication?

What distinguishes cultural differences in defining the self?

Summary

Social Psychology Concepts and Cultural Differences

  • The study conducted by Higgins, Rholes & Jones in 1977 involved memorizing positive and negative words to examine priming effects.
  • The self-fulfilling prophecy, as demonstrated by Rosenthal & Jacobson in 1968, shows how people's expectations of others can influence their behavior and cause them to act consistently with those expectations.
  • Masuda & Nisbett's 2006 experiment highlighted cultural differences in schemas, with Western cultures associated with analytic thinking and Eastern cultures with holistic thinking.
  • Social perception involves forming impressions and inferences about others, aiding in understanding and predicting the social world.
  • Nonverbal communication includes cues such as facial expressions, tone of voice, gestures, body language, touch, and gaze, serving various functions in communication.
  • Six major emotional expressions are universally recognized, while other emotions show less universality across cultures and are closely tied to social interaction.
  • Decoding facial expressions can be complicated due to affect blends, masking of emotions, and cultural influences.
  • Cultural differences in nonverbal communication are evident in display rules, negative facial expressions, gaze, and personal space preferences.
  • Attribution theory addresses how people infer the causes of others' behavior, distinguishing between internal (dispositional) and external (situational) attributions.
  • Self-serving attributions credit internal factors for successes and blame external factors for failures, while defensive attributions help avoid feelings of vulnerability or mortality.
  • Cultural differences in attributions show that individualistic cultures prefer dispositional attributions and self-serving attributions, while collectivistic cultures prefer situational explanations and are more prone to the "belief in a just world."
  • Cultural differences in defining the self include independent and interdependent views, with variations within cultures and differences in self-concept.

Social Psychology Concepts and Cultural Differences

  • The study conducted by Higgins, Rholes & Jones in 1977 involved memorizing positive and negative words to examine priming effects.
  • The self-fulfilling prophecy, as demonstrated by Rosenthal & Jacobson in 1968, shows how people's expectations of others can influence their behavior and cause them to act consistently with those expectations.
  • Masuda & Nisbett's 2006 experiment highlighted cultural differences in schemas, with Western cultures associated with analytic thinking and Eastern cultures with holistic thinking.
  • Social perception involves forming impressions and inferences about others, aiding in understanding and predicting the social world.
  • Nonverbal communication includes cues such as facial expressions, tone of voice, gestures, body language, touch, and gaze, serving various functions in communication.
  • Six major emotional expressions are universally recognized, while other emotions show less universality across cultures and are closely tied to social interaction.
  • Decoding facial expressions can be complicated due to affect blends, masking of emotions, and cultural influences.
  • Cultural differences in nonverbal communication are evident in display rules, negative facial expressions, gaze, and personal space preferences.
  • Attribution theory addresses how people infer the causes of others' behavior, distinguishing between internal (dispositional) and external (situational) attributions.
  • Self-serving attributions credit internal factors for successes and blame external factors for failures, while defensive attributions help avoid feelings of vulnerability or mortality.
  • Cultural differences in attributions show that individualistic cultures prefer dispositional attributions and self-serving attributions, while collectivistic cultures prefer situational explanations and are more prone to the "belief in a just world."
  • Cultural differences in defining the self include independent and interdependent views, with variations within cultures and differences in self-concept.

Description

Test your knowledge of social psychology concepts and cultural differences with this quiz. Explore topics such as priming effects, self-fulfilling prophecy, cultural differences in schemas, social perception, nonverbal communication, emotional expressions, decoding facial expressions, attribution theory, and cultural differences in defining the self. This quiz will challenge your understanding of how cultural influences shape social behaviors and cognition.

Make Your Own Quiz

Transform your notes into a shareable quiz, with AI.

Get started for free

More Quizzes Like This