Self-Concept and Self-Esteem in Social Psychology

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By StylizedSavanna

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51 Questions

What are possible selves?

According to Self-Discrepancy Theory, what is the 'ought self'?

What can cause affective states according to Self-Discrepancy Theory?

What are self-schemas?

What do individuals have according to Self-Discrepancy Theory?

What are self-discrepancies according to Self-Discrepancy Theory?

What is the nature of the self-concept?

What do possible selves refer to?

What are the qualities included in the 'ideal self' according to Self-Discrepancy Theory?

What are some effects of self-discrepancies according to Self-Discrepancy Theory?

According to Festinger's social comparison theory, why do people compare themselves with others?

In social comparison theory, what are reference groups used for?

What is the term for one's overall assessment of worth?

What do individualistic cultures emphasize?

In what way does self-esteem relate to happiness and positive outcomes?

What does self-regulation involve?

What is self-efficacy according to Bandura (2012)?

What is the impact of optimistic explanatory style according to Seligman (1991)?

What are the three dimensions of attributions in the three-dimensional attribution model by Weiner (1994)?

What does a private self refer to?

According to Bandura (2012), what is functional for adjustment?

What is the impact of a stable cause of behavior according to the three-dimensional attribution model?

What does an external attribution ascribe the causes of behavior to?

What does an internal attribution ascribe the causes of behavior to?

According to Bandura (2012), what can increase self-efficacy?

What best describes self-presentation according to the text?

What are possible selves?

What is the term for one's overall assessment of worth?

According to Self-Discrepancy Theory, what are the qualities people think they should possess?

What is the impact of optimistic explanatory style according to Seligman (1991)?

What does a private self refer to?

What are the three dimensions of attributions in the three-dimensional attribution model by Weiner (1994)?

What best describes self-presentation according to the text?

What does an external attribution ascribe the causes of behavior to?

What does an internal attribution ascribe the causes of behavior to?

What does self-regulation involve?

What is the term for inferences that people draw about the causes of their own behavior?

Which dimension interacts with the internal-external one and yields four types of attributions about success and failure?

In the three-dimensional attribution model, what does an external attribution ascribe the causes of behavior to?

According to Seligman (1991), what is consistent use of attribution patterns in life known as?

What is the impact of an optimistic explanatory style according to Seligman (1991)?

What does self-regulation involve?

What is the impact of parental role and parenting styles on the development of self-esteem?

What is the difference between individualistic and collectivist cultures in terms of self-view?

What is the role of feedback from others in balancing self-observations throughout life?

What does self-esteem refer to?

What is the main focus of social comparison theory by Festinger?

What are possible selves?

What do reference groups serve for according to social comparison theory?

What is the nature of individualistic cultures' emphasis on personal goals?

How does coping with self-discrepancies typically involve behavior change?

Summary

The Self-Concept: Discrepancies & Affect

  • Coping with self-discrepancies involves changing behavior or blunting self-awareness
  • Social comparison theory by Festinger states that people compare themselves with others to assess or improve abilities
  • Reference groups are used for comparisons, with upward or downward social comparisons
  • Feedback from others is crucial in balancing self-observations throughout life
  • Social context and cultural values influence self-concept
  • Individualistic cultures emphasize personal goals, while collectivist cultures prioritize group goals
  • People raised in individualistic cultures have an independent view of the self, while those in collectivist cultures have an interdependent view
  • Self-esteem refers to one's overall assessment of worth and can be trait or state self-esteem
  • Self-esteem is strongly linked to happiness and various positive outcomes
  • Parental role and parenting styles significantly influence the development of self-esteem
  • High self-esteem can lead to inflated self-appraisals and blaming others for problems
  • Self-regulation involves directing behavior towards goals and controlling behavior, with promotion and prevention focus, and aspects such as delay of gratification and self-efficacy

The Self-Concept: Discrepancies & Affect

  • Coping with self-discrepancies involves changing behavior or blunting self-awareness
  • Social comparison theory by Festinger states that people compare themselves with others to assess or improve abilities
  • Reference groups are used for comparisons, with upward or downward social comparisons
  • Feedback from others is crucial in balancing self-observations throughout life
  • Social context and cultural values influence self-concept
  • Individualistic cultures emphasize personal goals, while collectivist cultures prioritize group goals
  • People raised in individualistic cultures have an independent view of the self, while those in collectivist cultures have an interdependent view
  • Self-esteem refers to one's overall assessment of worth and can be trait or state self-esteem
  • Self-esteem is strongly linked to happiness and various positive outcomes
  • Parental role and parenting styles significantly influence the development of self-esteem
  • High self-esteem can lead to inflated self-appraisals and blaming others for problems
  • Self-regulation involves directing behavior towards goals and controlling behavior, with promotion and prevention focus, and aspects such as delay of gratification and self-efficacy

Description

This quiz covers key aspects of the self-concept, influences of individualism and collectivism, self-esteem and its correlates, development and parenting, self-regulation, and explanatory styles related to adjustment in social psychology.

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