Respiratory Health History and Assessment Quiz

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28 Questions

What does the NP use the mnemonic OLD CARTS for?

To learn more about the onset, location, and duration of symptoms

Which of the following is a non-modifiable risk factor for respiratory health?

Age and heredity

What is used to determine if the area of the chest is solid, fluid-filled, or air-filled?


Which factor worsens lung function according to the provided information?

Indoor/outdoor pollution

What is used by the NP to guide the focus and depth of assessment of the respiratory system?

Data collected from the health history

What does the NP use to learn more about the aggravating factors and relieving factors of symptoms reported by the client?

The mnemonic OLD CARTS

What is the main cause of acute episodes in extrinsic asthma?

Inhaled antigen

Which type of asthma typically has its onset in childhood?

Extrinsic asthma

Which medication is used to relieve or stop symptoms in an acute asthma attack?

Short-acting beta-2 agonists (SABAs)

What are the adverse effects of long-acting beta-2 agonists (LABAs)?

Headache, restlessness, tachycardia

What is the action of ultra-LABAs?

Dilates bronchioles for up to 24 hours

In intrinsic asthma, what can initiate an attack?

Respiratory infections

What are the examples of short-acting beta-2 agonists (SABAs)?

Albuterol, terbutaline, levalbuterol

What is the use of long-acting beta-2 agonists (LABAs)?

Concomitant therapy for asthma treatment and prevention of bronchospasm

What are the adverse effects of ultra-LABAs?

Paradoxical bronchospasm, cough, hypersensitivity reaction

What type of asthma is accompanied by hay fever and eczema?

Extrinsic asthma

Which breath sounds are characterized as soft, low-pitched, and have longer inspiration than expiration?


What type of breath sounds are loud, high-pitched, and have shorter inspiration than expiration?


Which breath sounds are medium in loudness and pitch, with inspiration equaling expiration?


What is the term for abnormal breath sounds that can include crackles, rhonchi, wheezes, stridor, and rubs?


In which category of respiratory diseases do disorders produce shortness of breath with exertion?


What characterizes obstructive respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, emphysema, and bronchiolitis?

Increased resistance to airflow due to partial or complete obstruction at any level

What is the term for the sudden narrowing of the airways in response to a trigger?

Asthma Attack

What do asthma attack triggers typically include?

Allergic Reactions

What do infants progress from within the first 2 years of life in terms of breathing?

Intercostal breathing to abdominal breathing

What happens to the thoracic cage in pregnant clients?

It widens to accommodate the growing baby

What happens to chest expansion in older adults?

Chest expansion decreases with age

What is a characteristic of restrictive respiratory disorders?

Stiffness within lung tissue or chest cavity

Test your knowledge of respiratory health history and assessment techniques used by nurse practitioners. Learn about the mnemonic OLD CARTS and its use in gathering important information about respiratory symptoms to guide assessment.

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