Renal System Physiology & Pathophysiology

PoliteSeries avatar
PoliteSeries
·

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

32 Questions

What is the chief function of the renal system?

Regulation of water & electrolyte balance

How many distinct parts form each kidney?

2

What is the main site of filtration of blood in the nephron?

Glomerulus

Which of the following is NOT one of the chief functions of the renal system?

Regulation of blood pressure

How many nephrons are there in each kidney?

~1 million

What is the functional unit of the kidney?

Nephron

What is the function of the juxtaglomerular apparatus?

Secretion of renin

Which part of the renal tubule is responsible for sensing the concentration of NaCl?

Distal convoluted tubule (D.C.T.)

What determines the filterability of solutes in the glomerular membrane?

Electrical charge

What is the normal Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) in an average adult?

125 ml/min

What opposes filtration in the glomerular membrane?

Glomerular colloidal osmotic pressure

What is the function of tubular reabsorption in the kidneys?

Movement of substances from tubular fluid to peritubular capillaries

What is the site of filtration of blood in the kidneys?

Glomerulus

What is the purpose of basic renal processes?

Formation of urine

What governs the Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) in the kidneys?

Net Filtration Pressure

Which part of the renal tubule consists of three main parts: Proximal convoluted tubule (P.C.T.), Loop of Henle (L.O.H.), Distal convoluted tubule (D.C.T.)?

Renal Tubule

What is the main function of the renal system?

Regulation of water and electrolyte balance

Which part of the kidney contains the renal pyramids?

Renal medulla

What is the functional unit of the kidney?

Nephron

Where does filtration of blood occur in the kidney?

Glomerulus

What is the purpose of the juxtaglomerular apparatus?

Regulation of blood pressure and filtration rate

How many nephrons are approximately present in each kidney?

~ 1 million nephrons

What is the Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) in the average adult?

180 ml/min

What opposes filtration in the glomerular membrane?

Glomerular colloidal osmotic pressure

What determines the filterability of solutes in the glomerular membrane?

The size of molecules

Which part of the renal tubule is responsible for sensing the concentration of NaCl?

Distal convoluted tubule (D.C.T.)

What is the function of the juxtaglomerular apparatus?

Regulating Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR)

What is the main site of filtration of blood in the nephron?

Bowman’s capsule

What is the purpose of basic renal processes?

Reabsorb and secrete substances

What opposes Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) in the kidneys?

Plasma proteins

"Tubular fluid" is modified by which processes in the kidneys?

Reabsorption and secretion

What is the function of Loop of Henle (L.O.H.) in the renal tubule?

Reabsorbing water and salts

Test your knowledge of the chief functions of the renal system, including the regulation of water and electrolyte balance, acid and base balance, and excretion of waste products. Presented by Rana S. EL-Bakry, Consultant & Instructor of Pharmacology & Toxicology.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free
Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser