Renal Pharmacology: Urinary Antiseptics Quiz

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24 Questions

What is the most common cause of a urinary tract infection according to the text?

Enlargement of the prostate gland in men

Which part of the urinary tract is infected in cystitis?

Bladder

Why are upper urinary tract infections considered more serious?

They are associated with kidney and ureter infections

What is the second most common type of infection after UTIs?

Respiratory tract infections

Which factor is NOT listed as a predisposing factor for UTIs according to the text?

Regular exercise

What percentage of men experience an increase in UTI incidence in old age?

10%

Which bacteria is responsible for approximately 80% of UTI cases?

E.coli

Which of the following bacteria is NOT commonly responsible for UTIs?

Mycoplasma

What is the mechanism of action of Nitrofurantoin in treating UTIs?

Reducing the drug to an active agent by sensitive bacteria

Why is Nitrofurantoin not suitable for treating upper UTIs or systemic infections?

It is excreted so rapidly that systemic antibacterial action is not achieved

Where is Nitrofurantoin mainly concentrated in the body?

Urine

Which of the following statements about Nitrofurantoin is FALSE?

Can be used for upper UTIs

What is the second most common type of infection after urinary tract infections (UTIs)?

Respiratory tract infections

What is a common predisposing factor for urinary tract infections (UTIs) according to the text?

Waiting too long to urinate

In which group is the incidence of urinary tract infections (UTIs) higher according to the text?

Elderly individuals

What is a common cause of urinary tract infections (UTIs) related to the reproductive system mentioned in the text?

Enlarged prostate gland in men

What is a disorder that can suppress the immune system and increase the risk of urinary tract infections (UTIs) as per the text?

Diabetes

What poor toilet habit is mentioned as a predisposing factor for urinary tract infections (UTIs) in women according to the text?

Wiping from front to back

Which type of bacteria is responsible for approximately 80% of UTI cases?

E.coli

What is the mechanism of action of Nitrofurantoin in treating UTIs?

Damages bacterial DNA

Why is Nitrofurantoin not suitable for treating upper UTIs or systemic infections?

It has limited systemic antibacterial action

What type of bacteria is Staphylococcus Saprophyticus in relation to UTIs?

Gram-positive bacteria

Where is Nitrofurantoin mainly concentrated in the body?

Urine

What bacteria is included in the group of Gram-positive bacteria responsible for UTIs?

Staphylococcus Saprophyticus

Test your knowledge on urinary tract infections (UTIs), the types of infections in the urinary tract, and the importance of urinary antiseptics. Learn about the differences between upper and lower urinary tract infections, and their associated symptoms.

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