Realism vs Liberalism in International Relations

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By ChivalrousAbundance

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42 Questions

According to liberal theorists, what is a basic assumption about human nature?

Which type of liberals emphasize transnational non-governmental ties between societies?

What do institutional liberals emphasize in their conceptions of international cooperation?

What is the belief of liberal theorists regarding international relations?

According to the cobweb model, what is believed to reduce the risk of serious conflict between groups?

What does Rosenau argue leads to a transformation of the international system into a 'multicentric world'?

What challenges the distinction between 'domestic' and 'international' according to Cerny?

What does sociological liberalism posit is more important for cooperation than state-to-state relations?

In global politics, what is becoming increasingly important due to the erosion and dispersion of state power?

What is expected to lead to a more peaceful world according to sociological liberalism?

How do realists view the state?

Who coined the term 'international law' in the 18th century?

What did Immanuel Kant propose could lead to perpetual peace?

What aspect of international relations is emphasized by sociological liberals?

According to Karl Deutsch, what leads to peaceful relations and a security community?

What is a security community, as defined in the text?

What model do sociological liberals propose to demonstrate how nations consist of various groups with different external ties and interests?

Which philosopher argued that a world of constitutional and mutually respectful states could lead to perpetual peace?

What type of relations do sociological liberals argue are increasingly important and more cooperative than interstate relations?

What did Karl Deutsch study in relation to transnational relations?

"International relations is not only about interstate relations but also..."

Which term is used to describe a group of people who have achieved a sense of community and agree to resolve conflicts without large-scale physical force?

Which tradition in International Relations contrasts with realism and focuses on peace and progress?

Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a liberal philosopher in the text?

What belief is considered a core liberal assumption, according to the text?

Which term is used to describe a state governed by law, as mentioned in the additional details?

What core concern is associated with liberalism?

What historical event caused a shift in liberal optimism, as mentioned in the text?

What did early liberals believe about progress?

What aspect does the belief in progress encompass, as per the additional details?

What does modernization increase, according to the additional details?

What characterized liberal optimism after the end of the Cold War?

What challenges do liberal ideas about progress and cooperation face in the present day, as mentioned in the text?

What term describes a state governed by law and perpetual peace?

What does interdependence refer to?

In the context of interdependence, what does Richard Rosecrance argue as more effective means for states to achieve prominence and prosperity?

Which countries are mentioned as examples of high industrialized countries adopting an intensified international division of labor and increased interdependence?

What has made the traditional military-political option less attractive according to the text?

Which country is cited as a recent example of a trading state in the text?

According to liberals, what effect does a high division of labor in the international economy have on conflict between states?

Who proposed a functionalist theory of integration based on cooperation arranged by technical experts and economic interdependence leading to political integration and peace?

Which theorist developed a neofunctionalist theory of international integration emphasizing the role of political actors and their shifting loyalties in the integration process?

Summary

  • Interdependence refers to mutual dependence between peoples and governments, with the twentieth century seeing an increase in transnational relations, leading to higher interdependence.
  • Theorizing about interdependence is rooted in the liberal tradition and international political economy (IPE) perspectives.
  • Richard Rosecrance argues that economic development and foreign trade are more effective means of achieving prominence and prosperity for states, as opposed to military force and territorial expansion.
  • High industrialized countries, such as Japan, Germany, and South Korea, have adopted a trading option, choosing an intensified international division of labor and increased interdependence.
  • Smaller countries have also become trading states.
  • The end of the Cold War has made the traditional military-political option less attractive and increasingly preferred even by larger states.
  • China is a recent example of a trading state, having adopted a strategy of economic openness since the late 1970s.
  • Liberals argue that a high division of labor in the international economy increases interdependence and reduces violent conflict between states.
  • David Mitrany proposed a functionalist theory of integration, imagining that cooperation could be arranged by technical experts and that economic interdependence would lead to political integration and peace.
  • Ernst Haas developed a neofunctionalist theory of international integration, building on Mitrany and emphasizing the role of political actors and their shifting loyalties in the integration process.

Description

Explore the differences between realist and liberal perspectives on the state and international relations, including their views on power, rule of law, and mutual toleration. This quiz delves into the contrasting ideas of realists who focus on state power and liberals who emphasize the importance of constitutional entities and mutual respect.

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