Psychiatric Nursing Terms to Remember

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What term refers to the mental forces that influence development and motivate behavior?


Which term refers to the period of recovery from the symptoms of an illness?


What does the term 'seclusive' mean?

Drawing away from others and remaining by oneself

Which term refers to slowing down in action, thoughts, or both?


What is the term for wearing the clothing of the opposite sex?


What is the term for deriving sexual satisfaction by inflicting pain upon others?


What is the term used to describe the inability to identify the date, time, and place?


Which term refers to a false belief?


What is the term for the expression of an emotional conflict as a physical symptom?


Which term refers to a periodic overwhelming desire for alcoholic drinks?


What does the term 'Lucid interval' refer to?

A brief period of normal reasoning and judgment during mental illness

What psychological method serves to solve conflicts and meet the needs of the personality?

Mental Mechanism

In psychiatry, what does 'Id' refer to?

'Unconscious part of the personality containing primitive drives and desires'

'Homosexual' refers to sexual attraction towards which type of individuals?

'Same sex'

'Multiple personality' is a dissociative reaction where a person adopts how many different personalities?

'Two or more'

What does 'Empathy' involve in understanding others?

Appreciating another's feelings without experiencing the same emotional reaction.

What is the definition of Narcissism?

Unconscious self love observed equally in childhood and adulthood

What does Pedophilia refer to?

Sexual love for children

In Psychiatry, what does the term 'Organic Mental Disorder' refer to?

Psychiatric disorder caused by physical changes in body tissues

What does the term 'Negativism' refer to?

Doing the opposite of desired behavior

What do Neurologists specialize in?

Study and treatment of diseases of the nervous system

What is the characteristic of someone who is 'Oriented'?

Identifying time, place, and person

Study Notes

Psychiatric Terminology

  • Affect: a subjective feeling tone
  • Ambivalence: coexisting of two contrasting or opposing feelings
  • Amnesia: partial or complete loss of memory
  • Apathy: absence of interest or emotion in a situation that would ordinarily arouse a response
  • Autism: subjective thinking with much introspection, resulting in fantasy, delusion, and hallucination

Conflict and Defense Mechanisms

  • Conflict: two opposing incompatible drives or action systems requiring the individual to make a choice between possible responses
  • Conversion: the expression of an emotional conflict as a physical symptom, relieving anxiety and unpleasant feelings
  • Delusion: a false belief
  • Depersonalization: loss of feeling of personal identity with oneself

Personality and Identity

  • Ego: the conscious self that deals with reality
  • Egocentric: self-centered
  • Empathy: appreciating another's feelings without experiencing the same emotional reaction
  • Extrovert: an individual who focuses interest and directs energies outward from the self

Psychiatric Disorders and Symptoms

  • Functional Mental Disorder: a psychiatric disorder in which organic change cannot be observed as a cause of the disease
  • Hallucination: a false sensory perception associated with special senses
  • Hyperactive: excessive physical and mental activity
  • Insomnia: inability to fall asleep
  • Lucid interval: a remission of symptoms in mental illness when the patient's reasoning and judgment appear normal for a brief period

Mental Mechanisms and Disorders

  • Identification: a mental mechanism by which an individual unconsciously patterns himself after another person
  • Illusion: misinterpretation of someone or something in the environment
  • Incest: sexual relations between two people closely linked by blood ties
  • Multiple personality: a major dissociative reaction in which the person adopts two or more different personalities
  • Mutism: lack of verbal response which may be voluntary or involuntary

Test your knowledge of key terms in psychiatric nursing with this quiz. Terms such as affect, ambivalence, amnesia, apathy, and autism will be covered.

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