PSYC0031 Cognitive Neuroscience Flashcards

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10 Questions

What is the main aim of understanding human cognitive function through ERP recording?

To understand human cognitive function through the electrical activity of the brain.

How are electrodes attached in ERP recording?

Electrodes are attached to the scalp and connected to an amplifier.

What is the purpose of filtering in ERP recording?

To attenuate irrelevant frequencies like muscle movements and line frequency noises.

What are common sources of artifacts in ERP data?

Eye movements and blinks.

What is the 10-20 system used for in ERP recording?

To specify electrode placement relative to brain regions.

Why may brain activity detected at a scalp site not directly correlate with nearby brain regions?

Due to the brain's volume conducting properties.

What is the role of amplifiers in ERP recording?

To reveal patterns of voltage variation known as the electroencephalogram (EEG).

Why is it important to carefully filter low-frequency activities in ERP recording?

To avoid distorting the ERP waveform.

What is a common practice in ERP recording for dealing with artifacts?

Using a 'common reference' recording procedure.

What do high-frequency activities like muscle movements get filtered out in ERP recording?

To attenuate irrelevant frequencies.

Study Notes

Methodologia ERP

  • Methodologia ERP est overview thoroughtur potentialitatis et challengium in studendo functionibus cognitivis.
  • Experimental design necessarium est propter complexitatem accurate recordandi et analysandi ERP, praecipue de placementio electrode et filtratione.

Descriptio Artifactorum

  • Artifacta managementum et overlap componentium demonstrant challengias in assecurando datarum reliabilitatem et interpretabilitatem.
  • Methodi variarum utuntur ad artifacta handling, inter quae instruunt subiectos ut mantenent gaze et evitent blinking a specificis temporibus.

Extractio Signalis ERP

  • ERP est set voltaticorum mutationum intra EEG epoch, timelocked ad eventum.
  • Technicae processing signal, ut averaging, utuntur ad extractandum ERP a background EEG noise.
  • Averaging technica implicat EEG valuationes acros multiple time-locked epochs to isolare activitatem timelocked.

Limitationes Averaging Technique

  • Averaging non potest providere directum estimatum ERP eliciti ab individualibus eventibus.
  • Average waveform non accurate representet actualem waveformis recordatis in individualibus trialibus.
  • Hoc potest ducere ad challengias in interpretando differentias in averaged waveformis, praecipue quando amplitude vel latency waveformis feature variatur acros trialibus.

Definitio et Mensura Componentium ERP

  • Centralis questio in ERP research est definire quid constituit ERP componentem.
  • Componentia identificantur per focusing in specificis waveform featureis, ut peaks vel troughs.
  • Hoc approuch potest esse problematicum propter overlap componentium et proprietatem volume conductionis cerebri.

Approaches Psychologici ad Identificationem Componentium

  • Involvit selecting specificas waveform features associatas cum particularibus processibus psychologicalis.
  • Unum methodus est subtractio waveformorum ab differentibus conditionibus experimentalibus to isolate componentia linkita cum processibus cognitivis quae differunt inter conditiones.

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