Physical Pharmacy Thermodynamics: Energy and Reactions

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13 Questions

Which term refers to the sum of kinetic and potential energies of all particles in a system?

Internal Energy

What is thermodynamics primarily concerned with?

The flow of energy within a system

What is the transfer of thermal energy between two bodies at different temperatures called?


How is work defined in the context of thermodynamics?

Transfer of energy used to change the height of a weight of a system in respect to its surroundings

What does thermodynamic state refer to?

The state of the system with a definite value of dependent variable

What is the best example of a thermodynamic system as mentioned in the text?


According to the Zero Law of Thermodynamics, what does it state if two systems are in thermodynamic equilibrium with a third system?

The two original systems are in thermal equilibrium with each other

What does the First Law of Thermodynamics state about the conversion of energy?

Energy can be converted from one form to another, but it cannot be created nor destroyed

What is the relationship between heat, work, and internal energy according to the First Law of Thermodynamics?

$\Delta E = Q + W$

What does the increase in enthalpy, $\Delta H$, represent?

The heat absorbed by the system at constant pressure

According to the Second Law of Thermodynamics, what is the direction of heat flow?

Heat flows from a hotter body to a colder body

What is entropy a measure of?


What does the Second Law of Thermodynamics state about the entropy of the entire universe?

The entropy of the entire universe will always increase over time

Test your knowledge of thermodynamics, energy flow, and chemical reactions in physical pharmacy. Explore concepts like spontaneity of reaction, rate of reaction, and forms of energy. Understand terms like internal energy and system in the context of thermodynamics.

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