Pediatric Ventilation Modes Quiz

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22 Questions

Which of the following is a recommended prerequisite for the associated workshop?

Completing the learning module

What is the purpose of the learning module?

To review foundational knowledge for practitioners

What should not be relied upon this learning package for?

Diagnosis and treatment

Which of the following symptoms may indicate the need to increase gastroesophageal reflux medications?

Gagging or vomiting in the morning

What is the glottis?

The middle part of the larynx

What can cause a weak cough in a child?

Weak breathing muscles

Which part of the respiratory system warms, moisturizes, and cleans the air?

Nasal cavity

What is the purpose of the epiglottis?

To prevent food and drink from entering the trachea and lungs

Which part of the respiratory system is responsible for removing carbon dioxide and picking up oxygen?

Alveoli

Which muscles are involved in breathing?

Diaphragm

Which of the following is an early sign of respiratory distress in children?

Nasal flaring

What does cyanosis indicate in a child with respiratory distress?

The child is not getting enough oxygen

When is mechanical ventilation used in children?

All of the above

What is the preferred mode of ventilation in children?

Pressure control ventilation

Which type of mask is used if there is significant air leak with nasal masks?

Oronasal (Full Face)

What is the possible cause for the 'Low Pressure' alarm?

The Bi-level machine does not reach the pressure needed to give a full breath

What should be done if the child will not wear the mask during Bi-level therapy?

All of the above

What can be done to address sore eyes in the morning during Bi-level therapy?

All of the above

Which mode of ventilation delivers a set pressure when the child breathes a breath on their own?

Pressure Support (PS)

Which mode of ventilation provides both spontaneous and mandatory (timed) breaths?

Synchronized Mandatory Intermittent Ventilation (SIMV)

Which mode of ventilation delivers a mandatory breath with a set volume to the patient?

Pressure Control (PC)

Which mode of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) delivers pressurized air through a mask?

Bi-level Positive Airway Pressure (Bilevel) therapy

Study Notes

Prerequisites and Learning Objectives

  • The associated workshop has a recommended prerequisite, which is not specified.

Respiratory System Overview

  • The glottis is a part of the respiratory system.
  • The respiratory system warms, moisturizes, and cleans the air in the nasal cavity and trachea.
  • The epiglottis serves to separate the trachea from the esophagus during swallowing.

Breathing and Ventilation

  • The diaphragm and intercostal muscles are involved in breathing.
  • The lungs are responsible for removing carbon dioxide and picking up oxygen.

Respiratory Distress in Children

  • Early signs of respiratory distress in children include a weak cough.
  • Cyanosis indicates inadequate oxygenation in a child with respiratory distress.

Mechanical Ventilation

  • Mechanical ventilation is used in children when necessary, especially when non-invasive methods are ineffective.
  • The preferred mode of ventilation in children is not specified.

Bi-level Therapy

  • A full-face mask is used if there is significant air leak with nasal masks.
  • A 'Low Pressure' alarm can be caused by a dislodged mask or a leak in the circuit.
  • If the child will not wear the mask during Bi-level therapy, try readjusting the mask or using a different size.
  • Sore eyes in the morning during Bi-level therapy can be addressed by adjusting the mask or using a humidifier.

Ventilation Modes

  • Bi-level therapy delivers a set pressure when the child breathes a breath on their own.
  • Hybrid mode ventilation provides both spontaneous and mandatory (timed) breaths.
  • Volume-controlled ventilation delivers a mandatory breath with a set volume to the patient.
  • Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) delivers pressurized air through a mask.

Test your knowledge on the common modes of ventilation used in paediatrics. Learn about Assist/Control, SIMV, CPAP, PS, PC, S/T, and CV modes and how they function on a ventilator.

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