Nutrition Science Basics Quiz

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16 Questions

What is nutrition?

The study of the nutrients in foods and their actions within the body

What is a balanced diet?

A diet that provides a mixture of foods having all the essential nutrients for the prevention of deficiency disease

What are macronutrients?

Nutrients needed in large amounts such as carbohydrate, protein, fats, and water

What are micronutrients?

Nutrients needed in lesser amounts such as vitamins and minerals

What are essential nutrients?

Nutrients a person must obtain from food because the body cannot make them for itself

What is a Calorie?

Unit of energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water by one degree Celsius

What is the main function of carbohydrates?

Give energy

Which of the following is a fast-releasing carbohydrate?

Glucose

What is the main difference between proteins and carbohydrates?

Presence of nitrogen

Which dietary source provides animal proteins?

Meat

What factor affects the protein requirement related to growth?

Physiological state

In a balanced diet, what percentage of calories should come from carbohydrates?

$50-65 ext{%}$

What clinical picture is associated with Kwashiorkor due to a low protein diet?

Retarded growth, muscle wasting, edema of feet and hands, moon face, thin and change hair color

What is the building block of lipids (fats)?

Fatty acids

What is the amount of protein required per kilogram of body weight?

$0.8$ grams

What is the main difference between fast-releasing carbohydrates and slow-releasing carbohydrates?

Simple sugars vs. complex carbohydrates

Test your knowledge about the fundamentals of nutrition science, including balanced diet, essential nutrients, and malnutrition. Explore the role of nutrients as chemical substances that provide energy and support various bodily functions.

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