Lecture 5: Acute Inflammation - Definition and Types

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10 Questions

What are the cardinal signs of acute inflammation?

Redness, swelling, heat, pain, loss of function

Which cells are the main inflammatory cells in acute inflammation?


What is the predominant cell type in chronic inflammation?


Which of the following is a major component of acute inflammation?

Vascular changes

What results in the marked increase of blood flow to the affected area in acute inflammation?

Transient vasoconstriction then permanent vasodilation of arterioles, capillaries, and post-capillary venules

What is the main cause of increased capillary permeability in acute inflammation?

Endothelial changes

What is the characteristic rolling movement of leukocytes along the endothelial surface called?


Which chemical substance causes vascular dilatation in acute inflammation?


What systemic effect of acute inflammation is caused by pyrogens like interleukin 1 (IL-1) and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)?


What type of acute inflammation is characterized by pus formation and is caused by pyogenic bacteria?

Suppurative inflammation

Explore the complex reaction of tissues and microcirculation to pathogenic insults known as inflammation, along with its characterization by the generation of inflammatory mediators and movement of fluid and leukocytes. Learn about acute inflammation, its duration, exudation of fluid and plasma proteins, and more.

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