Karen Horney's Contributions to Psychology Quiz

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12 Questions

What did Karen Horney propose about women's psychology?

It is unique and influenced by societal pressures and expectations.

How did Karen Horney influence modern psychology?

All of the above

What major life event influenced Karen Horney's work in feminine psychology?

Her divorce from Otto Bernfeld.

Which key event in Karen Horney's life led to her increased conflict with the German psychoanalytic establishment?

Her criticism of Freud's theory.

In what year did Karen Horney emigrate to the United States?


What was Karen Horney's profession before becoming a psychoanalyst?

Medical doctor

According to Karen Horney, what is the primary cause of neurosis?

Individual's attempts to meet society's demands

How did Karen Horney view the relationship between neurosis and human development?

Neurosis is a healthy part of development

Which concept did Karen Horney introduce to challenge Sigmund Freud's theories on women?

Flight from libido

What did Karen Horney criticize about Sigmund Freud's theory regarding women?

They lack sexual desire

In the field of psychology, Karen Horney is known for her contributions to which specific area?

Feminine psychology

Which institute was Karen Horney associated with as a member and a student of Sigmund Freud?

Frankfurt Psychoanalytic Institute

Study Notes

Karen Horney's Contributions to Psychology

Karen Horney (1885-1952) was a German-born psychoanalyst and psychiatrist who significantly shaped the field of psychology, particularly in her approach to understanding neurosis and the role of gender in human development. Her contributions to psychoanalytic theory and feminine psychology continue to resonate today.

Neurosis Theory

Horney introduced the concept that neurosis should not be considered solely as a symptom of underlying psychosis but as a natural, albeit problematic, part of human development. She proposed that neurosis arises from the individual's attempts to meet the demands of society and to adapt to their environment. According to Horney, neurosis is a result of the person's inability to find a healthy balance between their needs and the expectations of others.

Psychoanalytic Theory

Horney was a member of the Frankfurt Psychoanalytic Institute and a student of Sigmund Freud. However, she eventually grew critical of some aspects of his theory, particularly the assumptions that women are inherently more neurotic than men and that they lack a strong libido. Horney introduced alternative concepts, such as the "flight from libido" and the "tyranny of the superego."

Feminine Psychology

Horney was one of the first to challenge the idea that women are inherently more neurotic and less sexually driven than men. She proposed that women's psychology is unique and that it is influenced by societal pressures and expectations. Horney believed that the misconceptions about femininity and the pressure to conform to traditional gender roles can lead to neurotic behavior in women.

Influence on Modern Psychology

Horney's theories and concepts have had a lasting impact on the field of psychology. She challenged Freud's model of sexual development and introduced feminist perspectives to the psychoanalytic framework. Her work has been influential in shaping the interpersonal and humanistic schools of psychology.

Key Life Events

Horney's life and career were shaped by several key events. Born into a wealthy German Jewish family, she faced considerable challenges after her father's death during her adolescence. Horney was sent to Switzerland to live with relatives, where she studied German literature and psychology. She later enrolled in medical school in Berlin, receiving her medical degree in 1913. During World War I, Horney worked as a military physician and was exposed to the psychological trauma of war.

In 1920, Horney married the psychoanalyst Otto Bernfeld, with whom she had two children. The couple eventually divorced, and Horney began a professional relationship with Erich Fromm, another prominent psychoanalyst. Horney's work and relationship with Fromm were instrumental in the development of her feminine psychology theory.

By the 1930s, Horney's political views and her criticism of Freud's theory led to increasing conflict with the German psychoanalytic establishment. In response, Horney and her family emigrated to the United States in 1932. Horney continued her work in America, becoming a founding member of the American Psychoanalytic Association and a professor at the New School for Social Research. She died in New York in 1952.

In summary, Karen Horney's contributions to psychology were significant and have had a lasting impact on our understanding of neurosis, feminine psychology, and the influence of society on human behavior. Her life and work reflect the challenging circumstances that often shape the course of history, particularly in the realm of human development and psychology.

Test your knowledge on Karen Horney, a prominent psychoanalyst known for her contributions to neurosis theory, psychoanalytic theory, and feminine psychology. Explore her life, theories, and impact on modern psychology.

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