Hamas Attack on Southern Israel in October 2023

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12 Questions

What percentage of Gaza's residents are considered refugees under international law?

80 percent

According to the UN Secretary-General, what has Israel's military operations resulted in?

Colossal human suffering

How many people have been killed as a result of Israel's retaliation as of February?

27,748 people

What warning did the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification report issue regarding Gaza's population?

More than 90 percent facing crisis levels of food insecurity

What has Israel's aerial bombardments in Gaza resulted in, according to satellite imagery analyzed by the United Nations?

Approximately 30 percent of Gaza's total structures destroyed or damaged

What has been the impact on Gaza's health system as a result of the conflict?

Collapsed health system, hospitals running low on fuel and medical supplies

How many Israelis were killed during the assault by Hamas militants?

Around 1,200 Israelis

How many hostages were taken by Hamas militants during the assault?

Roughly 240 hostages

What ruling did the International Court of Justice make in January 2024 regarding Israel's actions in Gaza?

Ordered Israel to contain the civilian death toll in Gaza

What was the size of the Gaza Strip, mentioned in the text?

About 139 square miles (360 square kilometers)

How many Gazans depend on international assistance for basic services?

More than half of all Gazans

What event led to the Israeli declaration of war against Hamas?

Hamas launching a massive surprise assault on southern Israel

Study Notes

Refugee Status

  • Approximately 70% of Gaza's residents are considered refugees under international law.

Consequences of Israel's Military Operations

  • Israel's military operations have resulted in widespread destruction and displacement of people, according to the UN Secretary-General.
  • As of February, Israel's retaliation has resulted in the deaths of hundreds of people.

Food Security Concerns

  • The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification report has warned that Gaza's population is at risk of famine.

Impact of Aerial Bombardments

  • Israel's aerial bombardments in Gaza have resulted in the destruction of entire neighborhoods, as revealed by satellite imagery analyzed by the United Nations.

Healthcare Crisis

  • The conflict has severely impacted Gaza's health system, leading to a critical shortage of medical supplies and personnel.

Casualties and Hostages

  • During the assault by Hamas militants, 12 Israelis were killed.
  • Hamas militants took 100 Israeli hostages during the assault.

International Court of Justice Ruling

  • In January 2024, the International Court of Justice ruled that Israel's actions in Gaza constitute a violation of international law.

Gaza Strip Demographics

  • The Gaza Strip covers an area of approximately 360 square kilometers.
  • Over 80% of Gazans depend on international assistance for basic services such as food, shelter, and healthcare.

Catalyst for Israeli Declaration of War

  • The kidnapping and killing of three Israeli teenagers by Hamas militants led to the Israeli declaration of war against Hamas.

Explore the details of the massive surprise assault launched by the Palestinian militant group Hamas on southern Israel in October 2023, which resulted in the deadliest single attack on Israelis in history. Learn about the subsequent war declaration by Israel with the intent to destroy Hamas and the dire situation in the Gaza Strip. Understand the international efforts to negotiate a cease-fire amid escalating death tolls.

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