Filipino Playwrights and National Artists Quiz

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30 Questions

Which movement during the Japanese Occupation sought to create an 'INDEPENDENCE THIS YEAR' and rejected Western traditions?

Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere

Who was the Chairman of the Philippine Executive Commission in 1943 during the Japanese Occupation?

Jorge B. Vargas

Which artist's paintings continued to flourish during the Japanese Occupation due to showing little indication of war's atrocities?

Amorsolo

What was the sponsor of art competitions during the Japanese Occupation?

Kalibapi

What was the slogan that promoted the idea of 'Asia for Asia' during the Japanese Occupation?

'Asia for Asia'

Which publication was NOT mentioned as a Japanese-sponsored publication during the Japanese Occupation?

Harvest Scene

Who among the following is recognized as a National Artist for Theater?

Honorata dela Rama

Which writing system was commonly used to etch poems of courtship and emotional concerns on bamboo poles?

Baybayin

Who collaborated to create the first scientific map of the Philippines?

Pedro Murillo Velarde, Francisco Suarez, and Nicolas de la Cruz Bagay

Which literary work was adapted into verse form entirely from the Biblical account of Christ's passion and death on the cross?

Senakulo

What did the stone discovered in Ticao, Leyte contain that was believed to be an invocation for a safe sea journey?

Baybayin writing

Which artistic group was the first to acknowledge their role as artists in the creation of 'Carta Hydrographica y Chorographica de las Yslas Filipinas'?

Religious engravers

What architectural style is characterized by grandeur, drama, and elaborate details that purposely appeal to the emotions?

Baroque style

Which church in the Philippines showcases the Colonial Baroque or Tropical Baroque style?

Miag-ao Church

What does the term 'Trompe l'oeil' refer to in the context of architectural reliefs?

Reliefs creating optical illusions

What material is commonly used in the construction of Spanish Colonial churches in the Philippines?

Adobe

In what shape were Latin cross churches built during the Spanish Colonial period?

Cruciform

What features does the facade of Miag-ao Church in Iloilo showcase?

Depictions of saints

Which Filipino artist won a gold medal for the painting Spoliarium?

Juan Luna

What artistic technique does Juan Luna's work showcase?

Chiaroscuro

Where is the painting 'Virgenes Christianas Expuestas Al Populacho' currently on a long-term loan?

Singapore

What is the subject matter of genre paintings?

Scenes from everyday life

During what period did American colonial rule transition to the postwar Republic in the Philippines?

American Colonial to Postwar Republic

Which architectural style was banned by the Sedition law for advocating Philippine Independence?

New Urban Design

Who is known for documenting the Quiazon Family's affluence through a portrait painting in 1800?

VIRIÑA

Which artist's mural 'HEAVEN, EARTH, AND HELL' can be found in Paete Church, Laguna?

Jose Dans

Who is credited with establishing ESPAÑA Y as documented in the Lopez Museum in 1821?

Damian Domingo

Which artist is associated with meticulous details and composition based on the Western tradition in religious art?

Marcelo Adonay

Which event in 1869 brought economic benefits to native elites in Manila by opening the city to international trade and connecting it to the Suez Canal?

Suez Canal Opening

Who is known for combining names of individuals and vignettes of academic styles in their paintings championing European everyday life?

Justiniano Asuncion

Study Notes

Literature and Music during Japanese Occupation (1941-1945)

  • Levi Celerio, a National Artist for Music, wrote in Tagalog during the Japanese occupation
  • KALIBAPI (Kapisanan sa Paglilingkod ng Bagong Pilipinas) sponsored art competitions during this period

Art during World War II

  • Paintings continued to flourish, with artists like Amorsolo creating harvest scenes and rice planting paintings
  • Genre paintings showed indigenous and pre-colonial traditions, portraits of ethnolinguistic groups, and Spanish colonial architecture

Spanish Colonial Architecture

  • The plaza complex was designed as the town center and consisted of the municipio (local government office) and a church
  • Lowland Christian art followed the shape of the Latin cross, characterized by grandeur and elaborate details
  • Examples of colonial Baroque churches include San Agustin Church in Manila and Paoay Church in Ilocos Norte
  • Fusion of native and European elements resulted in a unique Tropical Baroque style

Filipino Artists and Writers

  • Severino Reyes and Hermogenes Ilagan were distinguished playwrights of their time
  • Honorata "Atang" de la Rama was a leading actress and National Artist for Theater and Music
  • Ticao, Leyte, is home to a huge stone containing Baybayin writing, believed to be an invocation for a safe journey by sea

Secular Art and Cartography

  • The first scientific map of the Philippines was created in 1734 by Fr. Pedro Murillo Velarde
  • Carta Hydrographica y Chorographica de las Islas Filipinas acknowledged the role of artists

Folk Music and Dance

  • Carinosa and Pandanggo are examples of folk music and dance
  • Visual arts, including a mural by Jose Dans in Paete Church, Laguna, depicted heaven, earth, and hell

Philippine Plants and Botany

  • Fr. Manuel Blanco compiled an extensive list of Philippine plants in "Flora de Filipinas"

Late 19th and Early 20th Century Art

  • Religious art persisted, with paintings like "Virgines Christianas Expuestas Al Populacho" by Felix Hidalgo
  • Genre paintings by artists like Damian Domingo and Juan Luna showcased everyday life
  • Juan Luna's "Spoliarium" won a gold medal in the Madrid Exposition

Test your knowledge on Filipino playwrights Severino Reyes and Hermogenes Ilagan, as well as National Artist for Theater, Honorata 'Atang' dela Rama. Explore their contributions to literature, theater, and music in the Philippines.

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