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Epidemiology Basics

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study of the distribution and determinants of diseases and injuries in populations

Epidemiology

study of the occurrence of illness

Epidemiology

rapid and extensive spread of an infectious disease within a population or occurrences of disease in clear excess of normalcy

Epidemic

epidemic that affects several countries or continents

Pandemic

one that is consistently present in the environment.

Endemic

encompasses all unfavorable health changes, including injuries and mental health

Disease

is often used to describe the health status of population groups

Epidemiology

epidemiologic study of infectious or communicable diseases

Infectious disease epidemiology

caused by an infectious agent or by the product of an infectious agent.

Infectious disease

study of diseases or conditions that have a prolonged duration, such as heart disease, diabetes, epilepsy, cancer, stroke, arthritis, glaucoma, and asthma.

Chronic disease epidemiology

study of diseases or conditions that have a prolonged duration, such as heart disease, diabetes, epilepsy, cancer, stroke, arthritis, glaucoma, and asthma.

maternal and child health epidemiology

environmental exposures or factors that affect health outcomes

Environmental epidemiology

associations between nutrition and health outcomes

Nutritional epidemiology

research in the distribution and determinants of health behaviors, and evaluate interventions and services for behaviors, such as substance abuse or psychiatric disorders

Health behavior Epidemiology

Basic science of public health

Epidemiology

Greek Physician to be the first epidemiologist

Hippocrates

contributor to the field of epidemiology through transmission of infections

Girolamo Fracastoro

-was one of the first demographers -did an analysis of the vital statistics of people living in London, publishing his analyses in Natural and Political Observations Made Upon the Bills of Mortality in 1662

John Graunt

Scottish physician interested in the cause and treatment of scurvy

James Lind

Caused by vitamin C deficiency

Scurvy

first person to show that an environmental carcinogen may cause cancer

Percivall pott

London epidemiologist who was considered one of the founders of modern epidemiology. Farr took statistical data and tested social hypotheses. He also classified causes of death in a way that accounted for broader factors that determine health. Farr demonstrated a relationship between population density and mortality rates.

William far

Studied sanitation issues

Sir Edwin Chadwick

Father of modern epidemiology

John snow

process of enumeration of the population living in a specific place

Census

Who is administering censuses in the Philippines

Philippine statistics authority

statistical summaries of vital records, that is, records of major life events.

Vital statistics

These surveys determine the amount, distribution, and effects of illness and disability

National health surveys

conduct investigations to better understand the how disease is distributed in the population and what determines who gets sick and who does not.

Epidemiologists

Explore the fundamentals of the study of the distribution and determinants of diseases and injuries in populations with this quiz. Test your knowledge on key concepts in epidemiology.

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