Endocrine vs Nervous System Regulation

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20 Questions

How does the endocrine system primarily influence the activity of body tissues?

By releasing hormones into the bloodstream

What is the main job of the hypothalamus in relation to the endocrine system?

To regulate the release of hormones from the pituitary gland

In comparison to tissue responses to neurotransmitters, how do tissue responses to endocrine hormones tend to differ?

They take longer but are more prolonged

Which gland is referred to as the 'master gland' of the endocrine system?

Pituitary gland

What is the integrative centre of the endocrine system?

The hypothalamus

Which component of the endocrine system acts as an extension of the hypothalamus?

The posterior pituitary

What regulates the endocrine system by inhibiting hormone overproduction?

Negative feedback system

What type of feedback occurs through an axis established among the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and target organ?

Complex feedback

What may result from defects in the release of hormones, hormone transport, or target tissue?

Endocrine disorders

What can lead to abnormal hormone concentrations in the blood?

Hypersecretion or hyposecretion of hormones

What are the two principle parts of the skin?

Epidermis and Dermis

Which of the following is not a function of the integumentary system?

Synthesis of Neurotransmitters

During which stage of life does the skin typically become oilier due to activated sebaceous glands?

Adolescence

What is the main structural component of the dermis?

Collagen & Elastic Fibres

What effect does aging have on the skin's capillaries?

They decrease in number, leading to reduced blood flow

How does aging affect the adipose tissue in the hypodermis?

It diminishes, making the hypodermis thinner

What impact does thinning skin have on susceptibility to injury?

It increases susceptibility to bruises and other types of injury

What happens to the number of active hair follicles, sweat glands, and sebaceous glands as a result of aging?

They decrease in number and activity

How do pre-existing conditions such as heart failure, respiratory disease, and diabetes affect the skin's healing capabilities in older adults?

They compromise the blood supply and healing capabilities of the skin

What is the effect of trauma to the skin on older adults with minimal adipose layer?

It is more likely to lead to bruising and will be more painful

Explore the differences in means and speed of control used by the endocrine and nervous systems in regulating body functions. Learn about the use of neurotransmitters by the nervous system and the release of hormones by the endocrine system to influence body tissues.

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