Endocrine System: Pituitary Gland Hormones

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10 Questions

Which hormone assists in initiating and sustaining milk production by the mammary glands primarily in females after parturition?

Prolactin

What controls the secretion of prolactin by inhibiting its release when present and allowing it when absent?

Prolactin-inhibiting hormone (PIH)

What is the primary function of melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) in humans?

Cause darkening of the skin

Which gland plays an important role in the release of prolactin through the production of prolactin-inhibiting hormone (PIH)?

Hypothalamus

Which hormone affects the health of target glands by providing adequate stimulation to ensure proper function?

Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH)

Which hormone stimulates the adrenal cortex, thyroid, and gonads to secrete their respective hormones?

Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH)

What is the function of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) in the endocrine system?

Stimulate adrenal cortex

Which gland was historically called the 'master gland' due to its regulation of other endocrine glands?

Pituitary gland

What is the role of prolactin-inhibiting hormone (PIH) in relation to prolactin secretion?

Inhibit prolactin release when PIH is present

Which hormone can darken the skin by affecting melanocytes?

Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)

Test your knowledge on the hormones released by the pituitary gland and their control mechanisms by the hypothalamus. Learn about the neurohypophysis and adenohypophysis functions in hormone secretion.

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