Endocrine System and Pancreatic Islets Quiz

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11 Questions

Which cells in the endocrine pancreas release insulin in response to high blood glucose levels?

Beta cells

What is the primary target of insulin in the body?

Muscle cells

Which hormone inhibits the release of glucagon and insulin in the endocrine pancreas?

Somatostatin

Which organ produces the inactive form of vitamin D3?

Skin

Which hormone produces the feeling of satiety after a meal?

Leptin

Which hormone is responsible for regulating blood calcium levels?

PTH

Which hormone stimulates the production of red blood cells in bone marrow?

EPO

Which hormone is responsible for stimulating the liver to convert its stores of glycogen back into glucose and release glucose into the blood?

Glucagon

Which hormone is responsible for promoting the uptake of glucose from the blood and stimulating glycolysis, thus lowering blood glucose levels?

Insulin

Which hormone is important in the development of the female reproductive system, regulation of the menstrual cycle, and development and maintenance of pregnancy?

Oestrogen

Which hormone is responsible for promoting progesterone synthesis and reducing the mother's immune function to protect the fetus from immune rejection?

Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)

Test your knowledge on the endocrine system and the functions of the endocrine pancreas. Learn about the cells and secretions of the pancreatic islets including glucagon, insulin, somatostatin, and pancreatic polypeptide (PP).

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