Eating Disorders

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30 Questions

What may initially be the stimulus that leads to the development of eating disorders?

Which factor can turn dieting into an eating disorder?

What sustains the cycle of maladaptive eating behaviors?

Which eating disorder is associated with a cultural ideal of being thin?

What factor is associated with the cultural ideal of being thin and a focus on fitness?

Which eating disorder is associated with possible susceptibility to physical or sexual abuse?

What chromosome is possibly associated with susceptibility to physical or sexual abuse in the context of eating disorders?

What factor is associated with self-perceptions of being overweight, fat, and unattractive?

Which factor is associated with loose dieting and possible susceptibility to serotonin and norepinephrine disturbances?

What issues are associated with the development of autonomy and having control in the context of eating disorders?

Which factor has been identified as a significant risk factor in the development of problems with eating or weight in adolescence or early adulthood?

In which societies are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa far more prevalent?

Which group of women are at increased risk for developing an eating disorder?

What factor may contribute to eating disorders in athletes?

In which country did the number of eating disorders increase significantly following the widespread introduction of television?

Which culture equates beauty, desirability, and happiness with being thin, toned, and physically fit?

Where are eating disorders most common?

Which factor may reinforce a girl’s body dissatisfaction and her need to diet or control eating?

Which type of abuse has been identified as a significant risk factor in the development of problems with eating or weight?

What may contribute to an increase in disordered eating habits for both bullies and victims?

What is a potential factor contributing to the development of eating disorders in adolescents?

What is a characteristic of body image disturbance in anorexia nervosa?

What do prevention programs for eating disorders aim to address in adolescents?

What is a potential risk factor for developing eating disorders in adolescents?

What is a characteristic of those who develop eating disorders?

What can lead to excessive dieting and weight loss in adolescents?

What is a potential outcome for adolescent girls expressing body dissatisfaction?

What is a potential belief held by clients with bulimia nervosa?

What can begin the binging and purging cycle of bulimia nervosa?

What is important in targeting prevention programs effectively for eating disorders?

Summary

Understanding Eating Disorders

  • Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa tend to run in families, with genetic vulnerability possibly resulting from specific personality types or psychiatric susceptibility.
  • Family history of mood or anxiety disorders, disruptions of the hypothalamus, and neurochemical changes are linked to eating disorders.
  • Adolescence involves the struggle to develop autonomy and establish a unique identity, with family environments affecting these tasks.
  • Adolescent girls expressing body dissatisfaction are at risk of emotional eating, binge eating, low self-esteem, and depression.
  • Characteristics of those who develop eating disorders include disturbed eating habits, attitudes, and preoccupation with food, eating, shape, or weight.
  • Puberty onset and cultural ideals of slimness can lead to excessive dieting and weight loss as a means to achieve the ideal body.
  • Body image disturbance in anorexia nervosa involves extreme discrepancy between self-perception and others' perceptions, leading to extreme dissatisfaction.
  • Self-perceptions of the body greatly influence the development of identity in adolescence and often persist into adulthood.
  • Clients with bulimia nervosa also report dissatisfaction with their bodies and the belief that they are fat and unattractive.
  • The binging and purging cycle of bulimia can begin at any time, before or after unsuccessful dieting, or as part of a "weight loss plan."
  • It is important to identify potential risk factors for developing eating disorders to target prevention programs effectively.
  • Prevention programs should focus on addressing body dissatisfaction, disturbed eating habits, and attitudes, along with promoting healthy self-perceptions and identity development in adolescents.

Description

Test your knowledge of the key factors and risk factors related to eating disorders with this quiz. Explore the influence of genetics, family history, adolescence, body image, and cultural ideals on the development of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Understand the importance of prevention programs targeting body dissatisfaction and promoting healthy self-perceptions in adolescents.

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