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DSM-5 Somatic Symptom Disorders Changes

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40 Questions

Which psychiatric symptoms are individuals with Somatic Symptom Disorder typically characterized by?

Depression and anxiety

What is the DSM-5 criteria for Somatic Symptom Disorder?

Preoccupation with having or acquiring a serious illness despite absence of physical findings

Which group is more likely to seek multiple medical providers and specialists for their symptoms?

Young adults

What is the historical prognosis for individuals with Somatic Symptom Disorder regarding psychotherapy?

They respond poorly to psychotherapy

What is a common maladaptive health-related behavior seen in individuals with Somatic Symptom Disorder?

Avoidance of medical consultations

What is a significant change in the DSM-5 regarding individuals with chronic health-related concerns?

Reduced number of diagnoses for somatic disorders

Which term is now used instead of Conversion Disorder in the DSM-5?

Functional Neurological Symptom Disorder

What does the proposed term 'Cogniform Disorder' describe in the neuropsychology literature?

Pervasive concerns about cognitive problems

What is emphasized by the Biopsychosocial (BPS) approach in understanding somatic symptom disorders?

The complexity of other factors influencing the presentation

In the DSM-5, what is one common risk factor associated with somatic symptom and related disorders?

Presence of comorbidity with anxiety and mood disorders

What type of psychological test is mentioned in relation to assessing Somatic Symptom Disorder?

MMPI-2 Conversion V

What is recommended to be avoided during the treatment of Functional Neurological Symptom Disorder?

Hypnosis

Which approach provides an ego-syntonic way of getting better in Functional Neurological Symptom Disorder?

Physiotherapy

What type of disorder involves an individual faking or producing symptoms in themselves (Munchausen's)?

Factitious Disorder Imposed on Self (Munchausen's)

What does the treatment for Factitious Disorders often involve in terms of identifying distorted cognitions related to illness?

Behaviour Modification

What is the defining characteristic of Somatic Symptom and Illness Anxiety Disorders?

Preoccupation with bodily symptoms

Why are individuals with Illness Anxiety Disorder often comorbid with panic disorder?

Shared features with anxiety and mood disorders

What is a common maladaptive behavior seen in individuals with Somatic Symptom and Illness Anxiety Disorders?

Repeatedly checking the body for signs of illness

Why are individuals with Functional Neurological Symptom Disorder often not seen by mental health professionals?

Little knowledge about effective treatment

How is Functional Neurological Symptom Disorder characterized?

Presence of altered voluntary motor or sensory functions

What was the primary issue with Somatoform Disorders and Factitious Disorders in DSM-IV-TR according to the text?

There was confusion due to lack of clarity between diagnoses

In the context of Somatic Symptom Disorders, what did Freud and Breuer's work 'Studies on Hysteria' focus on?

The role of hypnosis in aiding patients to express their symptoms

What is one of the criticisms of diagnosing patients with a Somatoform Disorder?

It implies that the physical symptoms are not real

In the context of Somatic Symptom Disorders, what is the 'talking cure' associated with?

Psychoanalytic tradition

What is one major drawback of overemphasizing medically unexplained symptoms in diagnosing patients?

It may lead to unfair mental health diagnoses

What distinguishes Somatic Symptom Disorder from Illness Anxiety Disorder?

Presence of somatic symptoms

Which behavior is commonly associated with both Somatic Symptom Disorder and Illness Anxiety Disorder?

Persistent thoughts about symptom seriousness

What is a common feature of individuals with Somatic Symptom Disorder?

Persistently high level of anxiety about health

Which behavior is indicative of Maladaptive health-related behaviors in these disorders?

Devoting excessive time and energy to health concerns

What is a key aspect of Illness Anxiety Disorder that distinguishes it from Somatic Symptom Disorder?

Persistently high level of anxiety about symptoms

What is the key characteristic of Factitious Disorder Imposed on Another (Munchausen’s By Proxy)?

The individual presents another individual as ill, impaired, or injured.

What distinguishes Malingering from Factitious Disorder?

Malingering is characterized by fabrication of symptoms for personal gain.

What method can be used to definitively distinguish between conversion and factitious disorders in clinical practice?

Covert surveillance or confession

What is a key difference between Malingering and Factitious Disorder according to the text?

Factitious Disorder is characterized by exaggerated symptoms for personal gain.

What does Factitious Disorder involve according to the provided text?

Exaggerating symptoms for external rewards.

Which test is commonly used to assess memory malingering?

TOMM

What is the main motivation behind Malingering according to the text?

For personal gain, such as money or time off work.

How can Factitious Disorders be definitively diagnosed?

Through covert surveillance or confession.

What type of individuals are often presented as ill, impaired, or injured in Factitious Disorder Imposed on Another?

Victims induced with injury or disease by the individual

What distinguishes Malingering from Factitious Disorder Imposed on Another (Munchausen's By Proxy)?

Malingering involves fabrication of symptoms for personal gain.

Explore the significant changes in diagnostic criteria for individuals with chronic health-related concerns in the DSM-5, with a focus on somatic symptom and related disorders. Learn about the reduction in the number of diagnoses and the shift away from suggesting that symptoms are primarily psychological in origin.

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