DSM-5 Mood Disorders

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Which disorders were included under the Mood Disorders section in previous versions of the DSM?

Major Depressive Disorder and Bipolar Disorder

What is the new organisational structure for Mood Disorders in the DSM-5?

There is a separate section for Bipolar and Related Disorders, and a separate section for Depressive Disorders

Which age group is typically affected by Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD)?

Children

What symptoms are commonly seen in children with Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder ?

Persistent irritability and extreme behavioral dyscontrol

Previously, what disorder were Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder symptoms thought to reflect?

Bipolar disorder

Which phase of the menstrual period is associated with severe emotional reactions in women with Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PDD)?

Late luteal phase

Which of the following is a common symptom of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD), as defined in the DSM-5?

Severe mood swings, irritability, and anger

What percentage of women, according to epidemiological studies, experience severe premenstrual symptoms that warrant consideration of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder?

2% to 5%

Study Notes

Mood Disorders

  • In previous versions of the DSM, the Mood Disorders section included disorders such as Major Depressive Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, and others.

DSM-5 Organisation

  • The DSM-5 features a new organisational structure for Mood Disorders.

Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD)

  • Typically affects children and adolescents.
  • Common symptoms in children include:
    • Severe recurrent temper outbursts.
    • Verbal or behavioral explosions.
    • Irritability and anger.
  • Previously, DMDD symptoms were thought to reflect Bipolar Disorder.

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)

  • Associated with the luteal phase of the menstrual period, which is characterized by severe emotional reactions in women.
  • Common symptoms include:
    • Marked affective lability.
    • Irritability or anger.
    • Depressed mood.
    • Anxiety.
  • Epidemiological studies suggest that around 5-8% of women experience severe premenstrual symptoms that warrant consideration of PMDD.

Test your knowledge on the new organizational structure of mood disorders in the DSM-5. Explore the separate sections for bipolar and depressive disorders.

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