Cultural Groups in the Philippines

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Philippine Linguistic Diversity: There are a total of 172 ______ in the Philippines.

languages

Religion: Religion is something one believes in and follows devotedly. Philippine Religious Diversity: 81% of the population in the Philippines is Roman Catholic, 6% is ______.

Muslim

Bodies of Water: Tagalog means 'people of the ______.' Kapampangan means 'people of the ______.' Tausug means 'people of the ______.' Iraya Mangyan means 'people of the ______.'

Domicile: Ethnic names are related to the ______ setting.

environmental

Ilocano is the third largest language in the Philippines with around 10 million speakers. Filipino tradition of 'Harana' (Courtship) was from ______

Ilokanos

Famous Filipino dishes such as empanada, longganisa, and pinakbet are from ______ culture

Ilokano

Hiligaynon are also called Ilongo, or Panayan. The term Hiligaynon was derived from Yligueynes that translates to 'people of the ______'

coast

Famous Filipino dishes mixed with coconut milk (gata) and chilis are derived from ______

Bikol

The largest ethnic group in the Philippines is the ______

Tagalog

Philippine Linguistic Diversity: There are a total of 172 languages (including 3 foreign languages: English, Chinese, ______) in the Philippines.

Spanish

Tagalog is located in the Mainland Luzon, comprising of Bataan, Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Bulacan, Zambales, Aurora, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, Quezon, and some islands of Marinduque and Mindoro. It constitutes 28.16% of the total population, which is around 30 million. This group was proclaimed as the basis of the Philippine National Language by President Manuel Quezon through Executive Order No. 134, s. 1937. Many Filipino national symbols and famous dishes like pastillas and sinigang are derived from ______ culture.

Tagalog

Domicile: Ethnic names are related to the ______ setting.

environmental

The second largest ethnic group in the Philippines is the ______

Cebuano

Bodies of Water: Iraya Mangyan means 'people of the ______.' Meranao means 'people of the ______.' Sama Dilaut / Badjao means 'people of the ______.'

upstream, lake, sea

Cebuano dominates the Visayas and Mindanao areas, constituting 23.1% of the total population, which is around 20 million. It is prominent in Region 7: Central Visayas (Cebu, Negros Oriental, Bohol, and Siquijor) and in Southwestern Leyte, Western Samar, Masbate, and large parts of Mindanao. The Filipino spirit of bayanihan and the national costume Baro't Saya are influenced by ______ culture.

Cebuano

Cultural Traits: Phenotypic Characteristics refers to an individual's observable traits, such as height, eye color and ______ type.

blood

The National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP) identifies ______ indigenous groups in the Philippines.

110

At least 106 ethnic groups are recognized in the Philippines, with the major ones being Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, and Hiligaynon. Other major ethnic groups include Bikol, Waray, Kapampangan, and Pangasinan. These groups represent the ethnic diversity of the Philippines, with a total of ______ ethnic groups acknowledged.

106

The ones who have blended cultural orientation (Spanish, American, Native culture) are referred to as the ______ group.

Majority

What is the significance of tattoos among the Kalinga people?

A representation of strength and beauty

What is the traditional clothing for women of the Kalinga people called?

Kain

From which region are the Kalinga and other Cordillera peoples believed to have arrived in separate migrations?

Eastern Asia

What is the term used to refer to the people of the sea in the Philippines?

Sama Dilaut

Which ethnic group in the Philippines is associated with the environmental setting of the mountains?

Tinguian

What percentage of the population in the Philippines adheres to the Muslim faith?

3%

Which linguistic group was proclaimed as the basis of the Philippine National Language by President Manuel Quezon?

Tagalog

What does the word 'Waray' mean in the context of the text?

None or nothing

When were the Waray of Eastern Samar first sighted by Ferdinand Magellan?

1521

Which group is known to be the 7th largest ethnic group in the Philippines?

Kapampangan

Where is Pampanga located, known as the culinary capital of the Philippines?

Central plain of Luzon

What is the meaning of 'Ethnicity' as described in the text?

A social group or category of the population that, in a larger society, is set apart and bound together by common ties of race, language, nationality, or culture

What is the essential component of an ethnic group according to the text?

Language

What does the term 'Ethnos' mean as per the text?

People or Nation

What differentiates 'Ethnicity' from 'Ethnic Group' based on the information provided?

Ethnicity has no geographical basis, while Ethnic Group is defined by territory

Study Notes

Philippine Linguistic Diversity

  • There are 172 languages in the Philippines, including 3 foreign languages: English, Chinese, and Spanish.

Philippine Religious Diversity

  • 81% of the population in the Philippines is Roman Catholic.
  • 6% of the population is Muslim.

Bodies of Water

  • Tagalog means 'people of the river'.
  • Kapampangan means 'people of the river'.
  • Tausug means 'people of the current'.
  • Iraya Mangyan means 'people of the forest'.
  • Meranao means 'people of the lake'.
  • Sama Dilaut / Badjao means 'people of the sea'.

Ethnic Groups

  • Ilocano is the third largest language in the Philippines with around 10 million speakers.
  • The largest ethnic group in the Philippines is the Tagalog.
  • The second largest ethnic group in the Philippines is the Cebuano.
  • Cebuano dominates the Visayas and Mindanao areas, constituting 23.1% of the total population, which is around 20 million.
  • Hiligaynon are also called Ilongo, or Panayan.
  • Hiligaynon means 'people of the river'.

Cultural Traits

  • Phenotypic Characteristics refers to an individual's observable traits, such as height, eye color, and hair type.
  • There are at least 106 ethnic groups recognized in the Philippines, with the major ones being Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, and Hiligaynon.
  • The National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP) identifies 110 indigenous groups in the Philippines.

Miscellaneous

  • Filipino tradition of 'Harana' (Courtship) was from Spanish culture.
  • Famous Filipino dishes such as empanada, longganisa, and pinakbet are from Ilocano culture.
  • Famous Filipino dishes mixed with coconut milk (gata) and chilis are derived from Bicol culture.
  • The Filipino spirit of bayanihan and the national costume Baro't Saya are influenced by Tagalog culture.
  • The ones who have blended cultural orientation (Spanish, American, Native culture) are referred to as the Mestizo group.
  • Tattoos are a significant part of the Kalinga people's culture.
  • The traditional clothing for women of the Kalinga people is called 'Tapis'.
  • The Kalinga and other Cordillera peoples believed to have arrived in separate migrations from the region of the Cordillera Mountains.
  • The term used to refer to the people of the sea in the Philippines is Sama Dilaut / Badjao.
  • The ethnic group associated with the environmental setting of the mountains is the Kalinga.
  • 6% of the population in the Philippines adheres to the Muslim faith.
  • The linguistic group proclaimed as the basis of the Philippine National Language by President Manuel Quezon is Tagalog.
  • The word 'Waray' means 'none' or 'nothing' in the context of the text.
  • The Waray of Eastern Samar were first sighted by Ferdinand Magellan in 1521.
  • The Pampango is the 7th largest ethnic group in the Philippines.
  • Pampanga is located in Central Luzon, known as the culinary capital of the Philippines.
  • Ethnicity refers to a group's cultural identity and shared characteristics.
  • The essential component of an ethnic group is shared cultural identity and common ancestry.
  • The term 'Ethnos' means 'people' or 'nation'.
  • Ethnicity is a broader concept that encompasses a group's cultural identity and shared characteristics, whereas an ethnic group is a specific group of people with shared cultural identity and common ancestry.

Explore the diverse cultural landscape of the Philippines, including the indigenous, minority, and majority groups. Learn about the ethnic diversity and major ethnic groups in the country.

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