Chemical Instrumentation Quiz

CheaperAcropolis avatar
CheaperAcropolis
·

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

10 Questions

What preceded instrumental methods by a century or more?

Classical methods

How were most analyses carried out in the early years of chemistry?

By precipitation, extraction, or distillation

For qualitative analyses in classical methods, what were the separated components treated with?

Reagents that yielded products recognizable by their colors, boiling or melting points, solubilities, odors, optical activities, or refractive indexes

In which type of measurements was the mass of the analyte or some compound produced from the analyte determined?

Gravimetric measurements

What are classical methods sometimes called?

Wet-chemical methods

Which of the following is NOT a physical property used for quantitative analysis in instrumental methods?

Distillation

What has led to the decreased use of classical methods in laboratories?

Advancement in instrumental methods to determine small amounts of analytes at low concentrations

What is the purpose of modern instrumental methods of analysis?

To exploit phenomena other than those used for classical methods for solving analytical problems

What delayed the application of most phenomena underlying instrumental methods by scientists?

Lack of reliable and simple instrumentation

What does an analytical instrument do in the context of chemical analysis?

Converts information about the physical or chemical characteristics of the analyte to information that can be manipulated and interpreted by a human

Study Notes

Classical Methods vs. Instrumental Methods

  • Classical methods preceded instrumental methods by a century or more.

Classical Methods

  • Most analyses in early chemistry were carried out using classical methods.
  • In qualitative analyses, separated components were treated with chemical reagents to produce visible changes, such as precipitation or color change.
  • Classical methods involved gravimetric measurements, where the mass of the analyte or some compound produced from the analyte was determined.

Instrumental Methods

  • Classical methods are sometimes called "wet chemistry" methods.
  • The decreased use of classical methods in laboratories is due to the development of instrumental methods.
  • Instrumental methods are used for quantitative analysis and measure physical properties such as absorbance, fluorescence, or conductivity, but not taste.

Purpose and Development of Instrumental Methods

  • The purpose of modern instrumental methods is to provide rapid, accurate, and precise analysis of chemical compositions.
  • The application of most phenomena underlying instrumental methods was delayed due to the limited understanding of the underlying scientific principles.
  • An analytical instrument measures the physical or chemical properties of a sample to identify and quantify the analyte in the context of chemical analysis.

Test your knowledge of chemical instrumentation with this quiz based on the book 'Principles of Instrumental Analysis'. It covers topics like classification of analytical methods and types of instrumental methods.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free
Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser