Biological Psychology Overview

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Behavior and cognition are produced by the ________.

Biological psychology is approximately synonymous with the terms ________, psychobiology, physiological psychology, and behavioral neuroscience.

Neuroscience changes the perspective on the self, others, and society. (True/False)

Novel technologies might aid in changing the brain for the better. (True/False)

Behavior and cognition cannot be changed. (True/False)

Mental disorders are often stigmatized in society. (True/False)

Neural plasticity can be defined as the ability of the nervous system to change its activity in response to intrinsic or extrinsic stimuli by reorganizing its structure, functions, or connections.

The scientific method involves the first step of observation, followed by formulating hypotheses based on the observations through induction.

Falsifiability was introduced by Karl Popper as a basis for scientific theory, where a hypothesis is falsifiable if it can be contradicted by an empirical test.

Control groups are frequently used in experimental design to see if a certain state or intervention has an effect.

Experimental observations are more reliable if the environment is controlled, but these observations are not necessarily valid as environmental features may be central to certain behaviors.

Statistical methods are used to judge if the measured differences between groups could be due to random variation or are statistically significant.

Scientific theories must be falsifiable and are explanations of some aspect of the natural world that are based on a body of empirical research.

Phrenology is considered a scientific claim because it involves the measurement of bumps on the skull to predict mental traits.

The scientific method is completely free from human errors or biases at any step of the process.

Open Science is a movement that aims to make scientific research transparent and inaccessible.

What does biological psychology aim to understand?

Which aspect of the brain suggests that behavior and cognition can be changed?

What is the first step of the scientific method?

What does the scientific method rely on for interpretation?

What is the movement that aims to make scientific research transparent and accessible?

What is used in experimental design to see if a certain state or intervention has an effect?

What is the main question in neuroscience?

What is the purpose of control groups in experimental design?

What does it mean for experimental observations to be more reliable if the environment is controlled?

What statistical method is slowly replacing classic null-hypothesis significance testing in the analysis of experimental data?

What is the main characteristic of scientific theories?

In what movement is scientific research aimed to be transparent and accessible?

What did Karl Popper introduce as a basis for scientific theory?

What is the purpose of using control groups in experimental design?

What characteristic do scientific theories must have according to the text?

What is the aim of open science?


Explore the study of the biological basis of behavior and cognition, including the physiological, evolutionary, and developmental mechanisms of behavior and experience. This field delves into the relationship between biological functions and mental processes, shedding light on observable actions and mental activities produced by the brain.

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