Lecture 17
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Lecture 17

This quiz covers the different types of epithelial lining in various parts of the renal tubule, as well as the structure and function of the Juxtaglomerular Apparatus (JGA).

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Questions and Answers

What type of epithelium lines the mucosa of the urinary bladder?

Transitional epithelium

What is the function of the muscularis propria in the urinary bladder?

To expel urine

What is the name of the layer of smooth muscle that controls urine flow in the urethra?

Internal urethral sphincter

What is the function of the epididymis in the male reproductive system?

<p>To store and conduct spermatozoa</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the name of the glands that produce seminal fluid in the male reproductive system?

<p>Seminal vesicles</p> Signup and view all the answers

What surrounds each testis?

<p>Tunica vaginalis</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of epithelium is present in the Distal Convoluted Tubule?

<p>Simple cuboidal</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of the Juxtaglomerular Apparatus (JGA)?

<p>To regulate blood pressure via renin-angiotensin-aldosterone mechanism</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of cells secrete renin in the Juxtaglomerular Apparatus (JGA)?

<p>Juxtaglomerular cells</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the composition of the Renal Medulla?

<p>Closely packed tubules of two types: Loop of Henle and Collecting tubules and ducts</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the epithelial lining of the Collecting Duct?

<p>Simple columnar</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the muscle layer arrangement in the ureter?

<p>Two layers of smooth muscle arranged as inner longitudinal and outer circular layers</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the characteristic of the cytoplasm and nucleus of Leydig cells?

<p>Eosinophilic cytoplasm and round central nucleus</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the stage of germ cell development that corresponds to spermatids?

<p>S3</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the composition of the fibromuscular stroma in the prostate gland?

<p>Collagenous fibrous tissue and smooth muscle fibers</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of the prostatic urethra?

<p>To act as a conduit for the passage of urine and semen</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of epithelium lines the membranous urethra?

<p>Pseudostratified columnar epithelium</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the characteristic of the epithelium lining the spongy urethra distally?

<p>Stratified squamous epithelium</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the characteristic of the middle layer of the endometrium?

<p>It has a rich blood supply</p> Signup and view all the answers

During which phase of the endometrium cycle does the functional layer become thicker than the basal layer?

<p>Proliferative phase</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of the endocervical glands?

<p>To secrete mucus</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of epithelium lines the endocervical canal?

<p>Tall columnar mucus-secreting epithelium</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main component of the cervix?

<p>Tough, collagenous tissue</p> Signup and view all the answers

Where is the junction between the ecto- and endocervical epithelium located?

<p>At the external os</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the outermost layer of the uterine wall?

<p>Perimetrium</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which layer of the uterus takes part in the menstrual cycle?

<p>Endometrium</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of the stratum basalae in the endometrium?

<p>It acts as a regenerator layer</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the characteristic of the myometrium?

<p>It has a great capacity to elongate</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the type of epithelium that forms the endometrium?

<p>Pseudostratified columnar ciliated epithelium</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the layer that is sloughed off at menstruation?

<p>Stratum functionalae</p> Signup and view all the answers

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