Battle of Hastings and the Norman Conquest



3 Questions

Who was crowned king shortly after Edward's death?

Which battle marked the culmination of William's conquest of England?

How many people were present at the Battle of Hastings?


  • King Edward the Confessor died in January 1066, leading to a succession struggle between several claimants to his throne.
  • Harold was crowned king shortly after Edwards death, but faced invasions by William, his own brother Tostig, and the Norwegian King Harald Hardrada (Harold III of Norway).
  • Hardrada and Tostig defeated a hastily gathered army of Englishmen at the Battle of Fulford on 20 September 1066, and were in turn defeated by Harold at the Battle of Stamford Bridge five days later.
  • The deaths of Tostig and Hardrada at Stamford Bridge left William as Harolds only serious opponent.
  • While Harold and his forces were recovering, William landed his invasion forces in the south of England at Pevensey on 28 September 1066 and established a beachhead for his conquest of the kingdom.
  • Harold was forced to march south swiftly, gathering forces as he went.
  • The exact numbers present at the battle are unknown as even modern estimates vary considerably.
  • Harolds death, probably near the end of the battle, led to the retreat and defeat of most of his army.
  • After further marching and some skirmishes, William was crowned as king on Christmas Day 1066.
  • There continued to be rebellions and resistance to Williams rule, but Hastings effectively marked the culmination of Williams conquest of England.


Test your knowledge of the Battle of Hastings and the events leading to the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. From the succession struggle to the decisive battle and its aftermath, this quiz covers key historical details.

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