Mahatma Gandhi's Life

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When did Mahatma Gandhi return to India?

What did Gandhi adopt as a mark of identification with India's rural poor?

What was the indirect goal of Gandhi's last hunger strike?

Summary

  • Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in the coastal town of Porbandar in Gujarat, India.
  • He trained as a lawyer and was called to the bar in 1891.
  • Gandhi moved to South Africa in 1893 to represent an Indian merchant in a lawsuit.
  • He lived in South Africa for 21 years.
  • During this time, he raised a family and first employed nonviolent resistance in a campaign for civil rights.
  • In 1915, aged 45, he returned to India and soon set about organising peasants, farmers, and urban labourers to protest against excessive land-tax and discrimination.
  • Gandhi assumed leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921.
  • He led nationwide campaigns for easing poverty, expanding womens rights, building religious and ethnic amity, ending untouchability, and, above all, achieving swaraj or self-rule.
  • Gandhi adopted the short dhoti woven with hand-spun yarn as a mark of identification with Indias rural poor.
  • He began to live in a self-sufficient residential community, to eat simple food, and undertake long fasts as a means of both introspection and political protest.
  • In the months following, he undertook several hunger strikes to stop the religious violence.
  • The last of these, begun in Delhi on January 12, 1948, had the indirect goal of pressuring India to pay out some cash assets owed to Pakistan.
  • Gandhi died on January 30, 1948.

Description

Test your knowledge of the life of Mahatma Gandhi, from his birth in India to his leadership of the Indian National Congress and his advocacy for civil rights and self-rule. Learn about the key events and principles that defined Gandhi's impactful life.

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