Mahatma Gandhi's Life and Achievements

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True or false: Mahatma Gandhi practiced law in India before moving to South Africa in 1915.


True or false: In 1947, the British Indian Empire was divided into India and Bangladesh.


True or false: Gandhi visited Pakistan in 1948 and attempted to stop religious violence there.


Study Notes

  • Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in the coastal town of Porbandar, Gujarat, to a Hindu family.
  • He trained as a lawyer and began practicing in India in 1891, but was unsuccessful.
  • In 1915, he moved to South Africa to represent an Indian merchant in a lawsuit and began to use nonviolent resistance to fight for civil rights.
  • In 1921, he became the leader of the Indian National Congress and led nationwide campaigns for a variety of social reforms.
  • Gandhi adopted the simple dress and lifestyle of the Indian rural poor as a mark of identification with them, began fasting as a form of political protest, and called for the British to leave India in 1942.
  • In 1947, the British granted independence to India and the British Indian Empire was partitioned into two dominions, Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan.
  • Gandhi visited the newly independent Pakistan in 1948 and attempted to stop religious violence there.
  • He died on January 30, 1948, a few days after completing a fast to pressure India to pay out some cash assets owed to Pakistan.

Test your knowledge on the life and achievements of Mahatma Gandhi, a prominent leader in India's struggle for independence. Learn about his early life, legal career, activism in South Africa, leadership in the Indian National Congress, and his role in the independence movement.

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