Mahatma Gandhi's Life and Achievements
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Mahatma Gandhi's Life and Achievements

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Questions and Answers

When did Mahatma Gandhi return to India?

1915

What did Gandhi campaign for in South Africa?

Building religious and ethnic amity

When did Gandhi die?

January 30, 1948

Study Notes

  • Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in the coastal town of Porbandar, Gujarat, India.
  • He trained as a lawyer and started his own law practice in India, but was unable to achieve success.
  • In 1893, Gandhi moved to South Africa to represent an Indian merchant in a lawsuit.
  • He lived in South Africa for 21 years, during which time he campaigned for civil rights and against discrimination.
  • In 1915, Gandhi returned to India and became the leader of the Indian National Congress.
  • Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for easing poverty, expanding womens rights, building religious and ethnic amity, ending untouchability, and achieving self-rule.
  • In 1947, British India was partitioned into India and Pakistan, and Gandhi opposed the decision.
  • Gandhi undertook several hunger strikes between 1947 and 1948 to pressure the Indian government to pay out some cash assets owed to Pakistan.
  • Gandhi died on January 30, 1948, at the age of 80.

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Test your knowledge about Mahatma Gandhi, his early life, activism in South Africa, leadership in India, and his significant contributions towards social and political change.

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